Tag Archives: Ambedkar in America

#JusticeForRohith – From London to Michigan, San Francisco to Boston to Johannesburg – Protests all over the world

After many protests in India now the demand of #JusticeForRohith has gone global and many organisations and Dalit-Bahujan communities all over the world are demanding justice and punishment for the guilty. From San Francisco to Boston to Johannesburg and many other cities not only Dalits but local communities have come forward in the support of Dalit students. Babasaheb Ambedkar’s followers didn’t care about cold and rain and came forward to demand justice for Rohith.

Yesterday, Rohith Vemula’s mother had also said that my son will not return but his soul will rest in peace if he gets justice.

Roma community leaders, well wishers of Dalit community, from Hungary also expressed their concerns for the safety of minority communities in India and demanded justice for the Dalit students.

On Rohith’s murder, Ambedkar International Center (AIC), USA, representative said, “It is sad day in our movement. Our potential talent and leaders are being targeted by high caste in India. It has to stop. We need to find a solution to these problems of our society. Nobody will work on these problems which hurts us since we take birth to our death except our community members. Hence each of us who want to do something for our society is most important to us in this world. AIC is taking this challenge and work to make some mark in our movement. We all in AIC are trying to mobilize our people in America to make a significant force so that we can deal with these kind of situation with iron hand.”

Further, protest and candlelight vigil is also planned at London for Justice for Rohit killed by institutional casteism at Indian High Commission on 25th January, 4.45-7pm. Protesters will demand to sack Smriti Irani, education minister.

Here are a few photos of protests outside India. (If you have any photo of protest from another location, please send, with brief description, those photos to contact@drambedkarbooks.com and will update here.)

Ambedkar International Center (AIC) organised protest at Boston, where children as young as 3 years old also were seen!  




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14th June in Dalit History – Dr. Ambedkar returned to Bombay from America after receiving Doctor of Law from Columbia University.

14th June in Dalit History – Dr. Ambedkar returned to Bombay from America on 14 June after receiving Doctor of Law from Columbia University.

14th June

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Dr. Ambedkar as an Economist








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Dr B R Ambedkar at London School of Economics

Also Watch – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar at Columbia University


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26th January in Dalit History – Constitution of India came into force ending Manusmriti/Vedic laws

26 January 1950: The Constitution of India came into force ending the British Sovereignty over India as a Dominion status. Dr. B R Ambedkar is the Father of the Constitution of India and who gave the country the best constitution in the world – thus laying the foundation for the Word’s biggest and vibrant democracy.

After the transfer of power by the Birtish to Indian hands, Nehru and Patel wanted to invite Sir Ivor Jennings, an internationally-known constitution expert of those times, for drafting Constitution of India, who had drafted the Constitutions of many Asian countries. M K Gandhi, however advised them not to look for a foreigner, when they had within India an outstanding legal constitutional expert, Dr. B R Ambedkar. This is how the choice to draft the free India’s constitution fell on Dr. Ambedkar.

So the Congress leaders desired rapprochement with Dr. Ambedkar, a man of outstanding caliber, in order to make use of his gifts and sharp intellect in the building of the nation and the preservation of hard won, new-born independence. In a most conciliatory and appreciative mood they discussed the issue, talking at times to each other over phone, about the inclusion of Dr. Ambedkar in the Cabinet. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru then called Dr. Ambedkar to his chamber and asked him whether he would accept the office of Law Minister in his Cabinet.

The offer came to Dr. Ambedkar as a great surprise. “I was”, he said on 10 October 1951 (after his resignation from the Cabinet), “in the opposite camp and had already been condemned as unworthy of association when the interim Government was formed in August, 1946. I was left to speculate as to what could have happened to bring about this change in the attitude of the Prime Minister. I had my doubts. I did not know how I could carry on with those who had never been my friends. I had doubts as to whether I could, as a Law Member, maintain the standard of legal knowledge and acumen which had been maintained by those who had preceded me as Law Ministers of the Government of India. But I kept my doubts at rest and accepted the offer of the Prime Minister on the ground that I should not deny my cooperation when it was asked for in the building of our nation”.

In a most patriotic spirit, Dr. Ambedkar did not, therefore, lag behind to play his important, constructive and dignified role in the building of the nation. He did rise to the occasion and gave his whole-hearted honest consent to Nehru. Forgetting the past bickering, as the service to the country was uppermost in his heart.  The Drafting Committee consisted of (1) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar – Chairman (2) N. Gopalaswami Ayyangar, (3) Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar (a distinguished jurist), (4) K.M. Munshi (a distinguished jurist), (5) Syyed Mohd. Saadull, (6) N. Madhav Rao (in place of B.L. Mitra) and (7) D.P Khaitan (T Krishnamachari, after Khaitan’s death in 1948).

Dr. Ambedkar spared no efforts and put his heart in drafting of the Constitution. Despite his ill – health he worked ceaselessly day in and day out, almost singly, concentrating his energies in that direction. Somewhat of a recluse, he remained cooped up for  hours together daily, whether at the Parliament House or in the confines of his bungalow at 1, Hardinge Avenue, Delhi – no rest, no recreation, no going out even for a moment. The drafting of the Constitution flowed heavily in his head, blood and viens all the time.

The Drafting Committee was in effect charged with the duty of preparing a Constitution in accordance with the decisions of the Constituent Assembly on the reports made by the various Committees appointed by it such as the Union Powers Committee, the Union Constitution Committee, the Provincial  Constitution Committee and the Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights, Minorities and Tribal Areas etc. The Constituent Assembly had also directed that in certain matters the provisions contained in the Government of India Act, 1935 should be followed except on points which were referred to in the Dr. Ambedkar’s letter of 21 February 1948, in which he had referred to the departure made and alternatives suggested by the Drafting Committee. As such the Drafting Committee faithfully carried out the directions given to it.

The Draft Constitution as settled by the Drafting Committee was introduced in the Constituent Assembly by Dr. Ambedkar on 4 November 1948. He moved for its consideration the same day, and in doing so, drew attention to the important features of the Constitution and dealt with the criticisms at length against it. The motion moved by Dr. Ambedkar, “that the Constitution as settled by the Assembly be passed”, was then put to vote by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, President of the Constituent Assembly.

Supporing the motion for the adoption of the Constituton the whole Consituent Assembly was illuminated by the grand commentary, and speaker after speaker – representing various groups and organizations – paid glowing tributes to Dr. Ambedkar for his lucid, able, symmetrical speechless and the brilliant analysis of the Consitution. They expressed their highest appreciation, with gratitude, of ther skill, industry and intellectual qualities with which he applied himself to the tremendous task of drafting the Constitution.

On 5 November 1949, Shri T. T. Krishnamachari, a member of the committee said: “Though a committee of seven members was formed, one of then resigned. Another was nominated in his place. Another member died. No one took his place. One of the members was very busy with government work. Owing to ill health two other members were far away from Delhi. As a result, Dr. Ambedkar alone had to carry the entire burden of preparing the draft of the Constitution. The work he has done is admirable”.

In one of the debates on 25 November 1949, a day before the Constituent Assembly adopted the Consitution of India, Dr. Ambedkar said: “On 26th January 1950, we are going to enter into a life of contradictions. In politics, we will have equality and in social and economic structure, continue to deny the principle of one man one value.


How long shall we continue to live this life of contradictions? How long shall we continue to deny equality in our social and economic life? If we continue to deny it for long, we will do so only by putting our political democracy in peril. We must remove this contradiction at the earliest possible moment else those who suffer from inequality will blow up the structure of democracy which this Constituent Assembly has so laboriously built up.

“I feel that the constitution is workable, it is flexible and it is strong enough to hold the country together both in peacetime and in wartime. Indeed, if I may say so, if things go wrong under the new Constitution, the reason will not be that we had a bad Constitution. What we will have to say is that Man was vile.”

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Dr. Ambedkar wallpaper/photos for Republic Day

Find more Images/Photos/Wallpapers/Articles/Books etc. at Velivada

This Cartoon, which was published in the year 1950, on 24th January, that is two days before the first Indian Republic day, in The Hindustan Times, drawn by the famous Cartoonist Enver Ahmed . Cartoon showing Mother India giving birth to a baby called The Republic of India and DOCTOR Ambedkar holding that baby in his hands and giving a gentle touch, while the other characters in the background (from Left to Right ) Constituent Assembly congress Party as Nurse, t he people, Jawaharlal Nehru , Babu Rajendra Prasad and Vallabhai Patel all of them are looking at the newly born baby with great anxiety .

This Cartoon, which was published in the year 1950, on 24th January, that is two days before the first Indian Republic day, in The Hindustan Times, drawn by the famous Cartoonist Enver Ahmed . Cartoon showing Mother India giving birth to a baby called The Republic of India and DOCTOR Ambedkar holding that baby in his hands and giving a gentle touch, while the other characters in the background (from Left to Right ) Constituent Assembly congress Party as Nurse, t he people, Jawaharlal Nehru , Babu Rajendra Prasad and Vallabhai Patel all of them are looking at the newly born baby with great anxiety .

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar among other dignitaries at India's first Republic Day parade.

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar among other dignitaries at India’s first Republic Day parade.

Watch also – What US President Barack Obama said on Dr B R Ambedkar?


happy republic day-indian flag-logo-Dr babasaheb ambedkar-ashok chakra buddhism

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24th January in Dalit History – Gandhi was shown black flags in Nagpur by the Ambedkarites

24 January 1938: Dr. Ambedkar spoke on Small Holder’s Bill in Bombay Legislative Assembly.

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24 January 1942: Gandhi was shown black flags in Nagpur by the Ambedkarite movement.[1]

In 1941, the Chokhamela hostel management in Nagpur, with the collaboration of some Harijan students decided to call M K Gandhi for the hostel annual gathering. Most of the students, who were strong Ambedkarites and activitsts of the Samata Sainik Dal, opposed this. However, no one was in the mood to listen to them. Sadanand Dongare, an Ambedarite activist lived in the hostel, but felt he could not vanquish the idea of bringing Gandhi while staying there. One or two kilometers away from the hostel towards the railiway lines, there stood a hostel for Mahars named Gaddi Godam. He took a room there and laid out all his plans. The youth of north and central Nagpur came together.

By the day of Gandhi’s planned arrival i.e. 24 January 1942, a huge pavilion had been erected in the central area of the hostel’s open ground. A strong line of police was placed outside. Nanasaheb Gavai, Kisan Fagu Bansode, and other Mahar opponents of Dr. Ambedkar were members of the managing board. The president was Chaturbhajabhai Jasani of Gondia district who was a loyal member of Congress and a big leader of Madhya Pradesh. He brought Gandhi from Delhi, but he took him off the train two stations early; and because of this the Ambedkarite community, which was spread throughout Nagpur, was led to believe that Gandi had not come. However, Gandhi had come to Nagpur in the company of Jasani.

On the east side of the Chokamela hostel lay a parallel railyway line running north – south. This line goes via Itwara, Katol and Kalmeshwar to Delhi and east of Calcutta, Stone rocks had fallen on the railway line. Women and men, young and old gathered on this line, and shoulted, “Long Live Ambedkar!” On the north, south and west of the hostel lay people’s houses and narrow roads.

Gandhi’s car came to the hostel from behind. There the members of the reception committee were waiting to welcome him. While they were trying to shout “Long LIve Gandhi,” a noise like one voice could be heard from the thousands of demonstrators outside of hostel: “Mahatma Gandhi go back!” And as this noise reached the neighbourhoods around, people began to run towards the hostel.

The hostel was a four-sided block two hundred by two hundred feet in size. The pavilion had been set up in the open ground in the middle. Here along with the students of the hostel, distinguished guests had been invited to sit. But there were many Ambedkaritie Dalits among the students. Until Gandhi went onto the stage, everything was quiet inside. But once he rose to speak, some of the Ambedkaritie students in the audience stood up and began to shout, “Gandhiji, we have many questions for you.” Gandhi was standing quietly. He said, “Yes, ask them.” But the turmoil only increased. No one could hear the questions in that confusion. The hundreds of people standing outside on the railway lines began a massive stone-throwing into the hostel. The stones fell inside the pavilion also. There was no sign of halting this attack. Once the stones hit the canvas, it began to collapse. No one would give Gandhi a chance to make his speech. In this confusion, the organizers brought Gandhi out of the pavilion to protect him. Just as he had come in by the back door, so he left.

With the shouting of “Long Live Ambedkar! Bhim Raj is coming soon!” Gandhi’s car departed with black flags shown to him. The incident showed the ferocity of the anti-Gandhi sentiments of our people after the signing of the Poona pact.


24 January 1950: Consituent assembly met and in all 284 members appended their signatures on the Constitution of India

H.V.R. lyengar, Secretary of the Assembly announced that only one nomination paper was received for the office of the President of India (election was on 21 January 1950). The name of that candidate was Dr Rajendra Prasad. His nomination was proposed by Jawaharlal Nehru and seconded by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. Thus Rajendra Prasad was duly elected to the Office of President of India. The members then fell over one another to sing paeans to the President. Nehru led the brigade with a speech that ended: “It is a comfort for us all to know that in future tasks and struggles, we shall have you as the Head of this Republic of India, and may I, sir, pledge my loyalty and fealty to this Republic of which you will be the honoured President.” Not to be out-done, Patel too joined the chorus of congratulations. This was followed by many members. One by one, they showered praise on the President, paying no heed to his repeated requests to stop, till, finally, he stopped the discussion with “I am sure I have the House with me on this occasion as on all occasions, and so, I would request Members who are anxious to speak to desist.”

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What US President Barack Obama said on Dr B R Ambedkar?

President Obama recognized Dr. Ambedkar for his extraordinary contributions to India in his address to the Indian parliament in November 2010. Here is the part of the speech.

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