Tag Archives: B R Ambedkar

26th December in Dalit History – B’day of Annai Menambal Shivaraj


Annai Meenambal Shivaraj was born 26 December at Rangoon in Burma. She completed her F.A in 1917 from Ranggon College, Ranggon. She returned to Madras and got married to N.Shivaraj in 1918, who was a renowned Dalit leader. She was actively involved in politics with her husband. Her entry into politics started in 1928 with her speech in a public welcoming Simon commission. She was the first Scheduled Caste woman to become member of Madras Corporation representing Madras University senate. She was the leader of South Indian Scheduled Castes federation (SCF). She bestowed the title ‘Periyar’ (great one) to self respect movement leader E.V.Ramasamy.

Annai Menambal Shivaraj

Annai Menambal Shivaraj

She presided over the SCF women’s conference held on 23 September 1944 in Madras, which was attended by Dr.Ambedkar. She also presided over the All India SCF women’s conference held in Bombay on 6 May 1945. She was the honorary magistrate for Madras province, member of post war rehabilitation committee, director of Scheduled castes cooperative bank, leader of Nellikuppam Parry company labourers, senate member of Annamalai university. She was active in public service till 1980. She is fondly called as ‘Annai’ Meenambal (Mother) by Dalits. She died on 30 November 1992 at the age of 92. Her son was Dayashankar IPS (Retd.). Very little known fact is Mrs.D.Sabitha IAS, Principal Secretary to Tamilnadu government, School education department is annai Meenambal’s grand daughter.

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22nd November in Dalit History – B’day of Jalkari Bai


Jalkari Bai was born on 22nd November 1830 in village Bhojalla on Balaji Marg. His father was Sadova Singh and mother named Dhania but some authors say her father was named as Mool Chand & mother Jamuna Devi. They were agriculturists, belonging to Kori Caste of Untouchables having  Laria Gotar.  Kori Caste has a glorious history and Kories are said to have been rulers of this country . Shamba Asur  Maharaj  was a Kori ruler as also revered  Yashodhara wife of Gotam Budha was too from Kori Caste. How this so warrior and prosperous Kori peoples were reduced to a unknown position is a mystery. Jalkari Bai also nicknamed as Chaloria was the only child of her parents and she lost her mother at a very young age. So she was brought up by her father with utmost care, love and affection. Jalkari Bai grew into a strong, courageous, beautiful girl.
She was an Indian woman soldier who played an important role in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 during the battle of Jhansi. She was a soldier in the women’s army of Queen Laxmibai of Jhansi.

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Caste Discrimination in Punjab


Total Dalit population in Punjab – 32%.
Total cultivable land with the panchayats across the state -168910 acres.
Land reserved for Dalits 56303 acres, i.e. around 33%
BUT
In reality, less than 4300 acres is given to Dalits in Punjab, i.e. around 2.54% only.
Govt. deliberately keeps the auction price high so that Dalits don’t bid for it and if Dalits join hands and decide to put up a fight, they do face social boycott.

Scheduled Castes workforce in the state during the SAD-BJP rule has decreased by 7,572 employees from 2007 to 2013. As per a government report, in 2007, the strength of SC employees in government departments was 73,557; in 2008 it increased marginally to 74,333. Since then, the graph is on the decline — 69,686 (2009), 71,539 (2010), 66,834 (2011) and 65,985 (2012, till March 31, 2013).

Stop Discrimination Now

It must also be remembered here that BJP and Akali Dal are ruling together in Punjab from last 10 years and in that period Punjab has drowned into drugs and alcohol. BTW, when RSS, VHP & BJP people have hijacked Punjab Govt. what else we can expect other than molestation, rapes & violence in Punjab? From TV channels to transport, in Punjab everything is under control of these people. Further, few years back Mr. Badal was busy installing cow memorials & cow commission. As if Holy cow is his mother and as if Sikhism worship cow! Badal is RSS agent. SIkhism was once one of the best religions in the world but people like Badal & Co have ruined it and they have polluted it to the extent that caste discrimination can be observed openly now. Lastly, Harsimrat Kaur Badal is a sister of drug king-pin – Majithia.

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For those who are celebrating Diwali


आओ मिलकर दीवाली मनाए
फिर से शुद्र, अछुत बन जाए
फिर से भंगी चमार हो जाए
फिर से जानवर से बदतर हो जाए
आओ फिर से दीवाला निकलवाए
पैसो मे फिर आग लगाए
आओ मिलकर दीवाली मनाए
पैसे हमारे घरो मे है नही
फिर भी लक्ष्मी की पूजा करवाए
भूल गये हम मांं बाप को
भूखे प्यासे या ज़िंदे भी है
देवताओ को हम भोग लगाए
आओ मिलकर दीवाली मनाए
अधिकार दिए बाबा साहेब ने
सम्मान दिलाया बाबा साहेब ने
शिक्षा दिलवाई बाबा साहेब ने
ज़िंदगी दी बाबा साहेब ने
पर इस सब से हमे क्या मतलब
हम तो इंसान नही जानवर है
आओ बाबा साहेब को भूल जाए
आओ मिलकर दीवाली मनाए.

दीवाली ख्तम हो गया, चलो अब सब दलित झाड़ू उठा लो. तुम तब तक ही हिंदू हो जब तक ब्राह्मण खुश रहे. दीवाली हो गयी, तुम ने दान दे दिया, चलो अब झाड़ू उठा लो.

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24th September in Dalit History – Poona Pact


Poona Pact, Agreed to by Leaders of Caste-Hindus and of Dalits, at Poona on 24-9-1932

The following is the text of the agreement arrived at between leaders acting on behalf of the Depressed Classes and of the rest of the community, regarding the representation of the Depressed Classes in the legislatures and certain other matters affecting their welfare

1. There shall be seats reserved for the Depressed Classes out of general electorate seats in the provincial legislatures as follows: –

Madras 30; Bombay with Sind 25; Punjab 8; Bihar and Orissa 18; Central Provinces 20; Assam 7; Bengal 30; United Provinces 20. Total 148. These figures are based on the Prime Minister’s (British) decision.

2. Election to these seats shall be by joint electorates subject, however, to the following procedure –

All members of the Depressed Classes registered in the general elec- toral roll of a constituency will form an electoral college which will elect a panel of tour candidates belonging to the Deparessed Classes for each of such reserved seats by the method of the single vote and four persons getting the highest number of votes in such primary elections shall be the candidates for election by the general electorate.

3. The representation of the Depressed Classes in the Central Legislature shall likewise be on the principle of joint electorates and reserved seats by the method of primary election in the manner provided for in clause above for their representation in the provincial legislatures.

Dr. Ambedkar at the Round Table Conference

Dr. Ambedkar at the Round Table Conference

CENTRAL LEGISLATURE

4. In the Central Legislature 18 per cent of the seats allotted to the general electorate for British India in the said legislature shall he reserved for the Depressed Classes.

5. The system of primary election to a panel of candidates for election to the Central and Provincial Legislatures as i herein-before mentioned shall come to an end after the first ten years, unless terminated sooner by mutual agreement under the provision of clause 6 below.

6. The system of representation of Depressed Classes by reserved seats in the Provincial and Central Legislatures as provided for in clauses (1) and (4) shall continue until determined otherwise by mutual agreement between the communities concerned in this settlement.

7. The Franchise for the Central and Provincial Legislatures of the Depressed Classes shall be as indicated, in the Lothian Committee Report.

8. There shall be no disabilities attached to any one on the ground of his being a member of the Depressed Classes in regard to any election to local bodies or appointment to the public services. Every endeavour shall be made to secure a fair representation of the Depressed Classes in these respects, subject to such educational qualifications as may be laid down for appointment to the Public Services.

(Adult franchise but reservation has been provided for Dalits on population basis, till 1960),

9. In every province out of the educational grant an adequate sum shall be ear-marked for providing educational facilities to the members of Depressed Classes,

Source – Ambedkar.org

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Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar as an ambitious and fearless school going boy


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Young Bhimrao was pugnacious, resourceful and fearless. He could defy anybody and anything that dictated rules of conduct and discipline. Nobody could forbid him to do a thing without a challenge or reaction. One, day in soaking rains Bhimrao went to school because his classmate challenged him to go to the school without an umbrella. He took up the gauntlet and walked, like the invincible general in Napoleon, to the school despite the cold, chilling torrents of rains. His shirt and the loin cloth called the dhoti- for this was the dress during his childhood- were dripping. The class teacher by name Pendse, who was a Brahmin was moved at the sight, and he at once asked his son to take Bhim to his residence, to give him a hot bath and a piece of cloth to wear and to hang up his wet clothes to dry. For a short while the obstinate boy was happy over the success of getting an off-day! His pleasure, however soon rolled into tears as he was brought into the class and made to sit half-naked!

Reference: DR. Ambedkar: Life and Mission, page 13,14.

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14th June in Dalit History – Dr. Ambedkar returned to Bombay from America after receiving Doctor of Law from Columbia University.


14th June in Dalit History – Dr. Ambedkar returned to Bombay from America on 14 June after receiving Doctor of Law from Columbia University.

14th June

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25th January in Dalit History – 23 Dalits were massacred in Jehanabad (Bihar)


25 January 1999:  Twenty three dalits were massacred in Jehanadad (Bihar) by Ranvir Sena.

In the Shanker Bigha massacre in Jehanabad (Bihar), 23 Dalits were killed by suspected Ranvir Senas. An FIR was lodged at Mehandia police station. There are 24 accused and 76 witnesses.The massacre took place 16 years ago when around 100 armed Ranvir Sena activists raided a dalit hamlet at Shankar Bigha village in central Bihar’s Jehanabad district on the night of January 25 — on the eve of Republic Day — and gunned down at least 23 villagers in cold blood while they were asleep in their mud-built houses and huts. The marauders had also set afire their houses before fleeing the scene. Of the dead, five were women and seven children — the youngest being six months old.

NDTV

On 14th January, 2015 a district court in Bihar’s Jehanabad acquitted all 24 men accused of being involved in the massacred because of the lack of evidence, including the fact that all of the witnesses turned hostile in court. . It is shameful that in 16 years courts, police, and administration couldn’t find WHO KILLED THOSE INNOCENT DALITS! We need proper inquiry into the case and culprits to be punished as soon as possible.

Source and Photo Credit – NDTV

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