Tag Archives: Savitribai Phule

Google Doodle on Savitribai Phule


Google Doodle on Savitribai Phule – Displayed on 3rd January 2017Google Doodle on Savitribai Phule

Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Savitribai Phule

4th February 1889 in Dalit History – Phules’ adopted son, Dr. Yashwant was married to Radha the daughter of Sasane.


04 Feb 1889: Phules’ adopted son, Dr.Yashwant was married to Radha the daughter of Sasane.

The Satyashodhak Samaj (The Truth-Seekerís Society) was established on 24 September 1873, and Savitribai was an extremely dedicated and passionate activist of the Samaj. The Samaj undertook the programme of arranging marriages without a priest, without dowry and at minimum costs. The first such marriage was arranged on 25 December 1873. Later, this movement spread across the newly emerging nation. The first report of the Samaj proudly notes that Savitribai was the inspiration behind this revolutionary initiative of a constructive revolt to reject 21 centuries old religious traditions. The marriage of Radha, daughter of Savitribaiís friend Bajubai Gyanoba Nimbankar and activist Sitram Jabaji Aalhat was the first‘Satyashodhaki’ marriage. Savitribai herself bore all the expenses on this historic occasion. This method of marriage, similar to a registered marriage, is still prevalent in many parts of India. These marriages were opposed by priests and ‘bhatjis’ (Brahmans) all over the country and they also went to court on this matter. Savitribai and Jotirao had to face severe difficulties but that did not deter them from their path. On 4 February 1889, at the age of 16, they also got their adopted son married in this manner. This was the first inter-caste marriage in modern India. The Satyashodhak marriage required the bridegroom to take an oath of giving education and equal rights to women. The ‘mangalashtake’ (the Mantras chanted at the time of the wedding) were to be sung by the bride and the bridegroom themselves, and these were in the form of pledges made by the bride and the groom to each other. Yeshwant was married to Radha (this is another Radha) alias Laxmi, daughter of Satyashodhak Samaj leader Gyanoba Krishnaji Sasane in this manner. To ensure that they got better acquainted with each other and with each other’s likes and dislikes, Savitribai had made Radha stay in the Phule household even before the marriage took place. She also made provisions for Radha’s education.

Check also –  4th February in Dalit History – Dr. Ambedkar met Gandhi in Yervada Jail

4th February 1956 in Dalit History – Dr. Ambedkar renamed “Janata” newspaper as “Pradbuddha Bharat”

Mahatma Jyotiba Phule

Mahatma Jyotiba Phule

Leave a comment

Filed under Dalit, Dalit History, Dr B R Ambedkar, Mahatma Jotiba Phule, Savitribai Phule, Today in Dalit History

Reading Phule – Now No More Silences!


Written by – Subhash Gatade

“Lack of education lead to lack of wisdom,

Which leads to lack of morals,

Which leads to lack  of progress,

Which leads to lack of money,

Which leads to the oppression of the lower classes,

See what state of the society one lack of education can cause!”

  • Jyotiba Phule

..Most people do not realize that society can practise tyranny and oppression against an individual in a far greater degree than a Government can. The means and scope that are open to society for oppression are more extensive than those that are open to Government; also they are far more effective. What punishment in the penal code is comparable in its magnitude and its severity to excommunication? Who has greater courage—the Social Reformer who challenges society and invites upon himself excommunication or the political prisoner who challenges Government and incurs sentence of a few months or a few years imprisonment?..

(Ranade, Gandhi and Jinnah, Address delivered by Dr Ambedkar on the 101 st birthday celebration of M G Ranade, 18 th January, 1943)

Introduction

Jotiba Phule

Mahatma Jotiba Phule

Understanding or rereading a historical figure – whose life and times have impacted generations of scholars and activists – who has been subjected to praise as well scrutiny by best brains of our times becomes a challenging task.  One gets a feeling that whatever has to be said has already been said and perhaps there is not much novelty left. An added challenge becomes when you are face to face with scholars/activists who could be considered experts on the issue having done more detailed and through work on the subject.

Today when I begin my presentation I find myself in a similar quandary.

Would it be repetition of what the earlier scholar just spoke or a glimpse of what the coming activist is going to present? And to avoid the possible monotony of any such ensuing discussion – where all of us would be doing ‘kadam tal‘ (a lexicon used in NCC parades) around similar arguments and similar insights and would be lamenting in similar voices, I have decided to flag of few queries which have been bothering my mind since quite some time. It is possible that it would be considered rather blasphemous to raise such questions or they are so mundane that participants can just exchange smiles about their content. Anyway, whatever might be the outcome I would like to raise them with a sincere hope that they would possibly generate a conversation?

Continue reading

2 Comments

Filed under Dalit Bahujan Ideals, Dr B R Ambedkar, Mahatma Jotiba Phule, Savitribai Phule

माता सावित्रीबाई फुले के जन्मदिवस पर मान्यवर कांशी राम जी द्वारा दिया गया ऐतिहासिक भाषण।


माता सावित्रीबाई फुले के जन्मदिवस पर मान्यवर कांशी राम जी द्वारा दिया गया ऐतिहासिक भाषण।

आज माता सावित्रीबाई फुले का जन्मदिवस है। आज ही के दिन मान्यवर कांशी राम जी ने समाज की महिलाओ से अपील की थी की वो माता सावित्रीबाई फुले से प्रेरित होकर, अपने आप को तैयार करे। इस वीडियो के मध्यम से जानिए की और क्या क्या कहा मान्यवर कांशी राम जी ने।

 

3rd January is the birth anniversary of Savitribai Phule Know Savitribai Phule from following articles and share these with your friends –

Savitribai Phule: The Mother Of Modern Education

‘First Lady’ Teacher of India: Savitribai Phule

Book Review of “A Forgotten Liberator : The Life and Struggle of Savitribai Phule”

What Mother Savitribai Phule had said

Infanticide Prevention Home was started by Phule couple

10 March in Dalit History – Death anniversary of ‘First Lady’ Teacher of India: Savitribai Phule

Mahatma Jotiba Phule and Savitribai Phule’s contribution towards women empowerment

First ever infanticide prohibition home of India was started by Savitribai Phule

Few poems by Savitribai Phule

विद्रोह की मशाल से समाज को रोशनी – कवियित्री भी थी सावित्री बाई फुले

2 Comments

Filed under Dalit, Dalit History, Dr B R Ambedkar, Saheb Kanshi Ram, Savitribai Phule

Savitribai Phule – You owe her. But do you know her?


Savitribai Phule – You owe her. But do you know her?

FotorCreated

3rd January is the birth anniversary of Savitribai Phule Know Savitribai Phule from following articles and share these with your friends –

Savitribai Phule: The Mother Of Modern Education

‘First Lady’ Teacher of India: Savitribai Phule

Book Review of “A Forgotten Liberator : The Life and Struggle of Savitribai Phule”

What Mother Savitribai Phule had said

Infanticide Prevention Home was started by Phule couple

10 March in Dalit History – Death anniversary of ‘First Lady’ Teacher of India: Savitribai Phule

Mahatma Jotiba Phule and Savitribai Phule’s contribution towards women empowerment

First ever infanticide prohibition home of India was started by Savitribai Phule

Few poems by Savitribai Phule

विद्रोह की मशाल से समाज को रोशनी – कवियित्री भी थी सावित्री बाई फुले

 

2 Comments

Filed under Dalit, Dalit History, Dr B R Ambedkar, Savitribai Phule

विद्रोह की मशाल से समाज को रोशनी – कवियित्री भी थी सावित्री बाई फुले


cccयह जानकर गहरा आश्चर्य होता है कि 18 वीं शताब्दी में भारत की पहली अध्यापिका तथा सामाजिक क्रांति की अग्रदूत सावित्रीबाई फुले एक प्रखर, निर्भीक, चेतना सम्पन्न, तर्कशील, दार्शनिक, स्त्रीवादीख्याति प्राप्त लोकप्रिय कवयित्री, अपनी पूरी प्रतिभा और ताकत के साथ उपस्थित होती है लेकिन किसी की निगाह उन पर जातीभी नहीं? या फिर दूसरे शब्दों में कहूं तो उनके योगदान पर, मौन धारण कर लिया जाता है। सवाल है इस मौन का, अवहेलना और उपेक्षा का क्या कारण है? क्या इसका एकमात्र कारण उनका शूद्र तबके में जन्म लेना और दूसरा स्त्री होना माना जाए?सावित्रीबाई फुले का पूरा जीवन समाज के वंचित तबकों, खासकर स्त्री और दलितों के अधिकारों के लिए संघर्ष और सहयोग में बीता। ज्योतिबा संग सावित्रीबाई फुले ने जब क्रूर ब्राह्मणी पेशवाराज का विरोध करते हुए,लड़कियों के लिए स्कूल खोलने से लेकर तत्कालीन समाज में व्याप्त तमाम दलित-शूद्र-स्त्री विरोधी सामाजिक, नैतिकऔर धार्मिक रूढ़ियों-आडंबरों-अंधविश्वासों के खिलाफ मजबूती से बढ-चढकर डंके की चोट पर जंगलड़ने की ठानी, तब इस जंग में दुश्मन के खिलाफ लडाई का एक मजबूत हथियार बना उनका स्वरचित साहित्य।इसका उन्होंने प्रतिक्रियावादी ताकतों को कड़ा जबाब देने के लिए बहुत खूबसूरती से इस्तेमाल किया। सावित्रीबाई फुले के साहित्य में उनकी कविताएं, पत्र, भाषण, लेख, पुस्तकें आदि शामिल है।

Read also – Savitribai Phule: The Mother Of Modern Education

कवयित्री सावित्रीबाई बाई फुले ने अपने जीवन काल में दो काव्य पुस्तकों की रचना की, जिनमें उनका पहलासंग्रह‘काव्य-फुले’ 1854 में तब छपा; जब वे मात्र तेईस वर्ष की ही थी। उनका दूसरा काव्य-संग्रह ‘बावनकशी सुबोधरत्नाकर’ 1891 में आया, जिसको सावित्रीबाई फुले ने अपने जीवनसाथी ज्योतिबा फुले की परिनिर्वाण प्राप्ति के बाद उनकी जीवनी रूप में लिखा था।

Read also – Poems by Savitribai Phule

अठारहवीं और उन्नीसवीं शताब्दी में ब्राह्मणवाद का कट्टरतम रूप अपने चरमोत्कर्ष पर था। उस समय सवर्ण हिन्दू समाज और उसके ठेकेदारों द्वारा शूद्र, दलितों और स्त्रियों पर किए जा रहे अत्याचार-उत्पीड़न-शोषण की कोई सीमा नहीं थी। बाबा साहेब ने उस समय की हालत का वर्णन अपनी पुस्तक ‘एनिहिलेशन ऑफ कास्ट’ में करते हुए कहा है-‘पेशेवाओं के शासनकाल में, महाराष्ट्र में, इन अछूतों को उस सड़क पर चलने की आज्ञा नही थी, जिस पर कोई सवर्ण हिन्दू चल रहा हो। इनके लिए आदेश था कि अपनी कलाई में या गले में काला धागा बांधे, ताकि हिन्दू इन्हें भूल से भी ना छू लें। पेशवाओं की राजधानी पूना में तो इन अछूतों के लिए यह आदेश था कि ये कमर में झाडू बांधकर चलें, ताकि इनके पैरों के चिह्न झाडू से मिट जाएं और कोई हिन्दू इनके पद चिन्हों पर पैर रखकर अपवित्र न हो जाएं।अछूत अपने गले में हांडी बाँधकर चले और जब थूकना हो तो उसी में थूकें, भूमि पर पड़ें हुए अछूत के थूक पर किसी हिन्दू का पैर पड़ जाने से वह अपवित्र हो जाएगा’।

Read also – Mahatma Jotiba Phule and Savitribai Phule’s contribution towards women empowerment

ऐसी विपरित परिस्थितियों में सावित्री बाई फुले का जन्म 3 जनवरी 1931 को महाराष्ट्र के सतारा जिला के एक छोटे से ग्राम नायगांव में हुआ। मात्र 9 साल की उम्र में ग्यारह साल के ज्योतिबाके संग ब्याह दी गई। केवल सत्रह वर्ष की उम्र में ही सावित्रीबाई ने बच्चियों के एक स्कूल की अध्यापिका और प्रधानाचार्या दोनों की भूमिका को सवर्ण समाज के द्वारा उत्पन्न अड़चनों से लड़ते हुए बडी ही लगन, विश्वास और सहजता से निभाया। समता, बंधुत्व, मैत्री और न्यायपूर्ण समाज की ल़डाई के लिए, सामाजिक क्रांति को आगे बढ़ाने के लिए सावित्राबाई फुले ने साहित्य की रचना की। आज भी यह बात बहुत कम लोग जानते है कि वे एक सजग, तर्कशील, भावप्रवण, जुझारू औरक्रांतिकारी कवियित्री थी। मात्र 23 साल की उम्र में उनका पहला काव्य संग्रह काव्य-फुले आ गया था, जिसमें उन्होंने धर्म, धर्मशास्त्र, धार्मिक पाखंडों और कुरीतियों के खिलाफ जम कर लिखा। औरतों की सामाजिक स्थिति पर कविताएं लिखी और उनकी बुरी स्थिति के लिए जिम्मेदार धर्म, जाति, ब्राह्मणवाद और पितृसत्ता पर कड़ा प्रहार किया। अपनी एक कविता में वे दलितों औऱ बहुजनों को समाज में बैठीअज्ञानता को पहचान कर, उसे पकड़कर कुचल- कुचल कर मारने के लिए कहती है क्योंकि यह अज्ञानता यानी अशिक्षा ही दलित बहुजन और स्त्री समाज की दुश्मन है। जिससे जानबूझकर सोची समझी साजिश के तहत वंचित समूह को दूर रखा गया है।

Read also – ‘First Lady’ Teacher of India: Savitribai Phule

उसका नाम है अज्ञान
उसे धर दबोचो, मजबूत पकड़कर पीटो
और उसे जीवन से भगा दो

Continue reading

6 Comments

Filed under Dalit, Dalit Bahujan Ideals, Dalit History, Dr B R Ambedkar, Savitribai Phule

Savitribai Phule: The Mother Of Modern Education


World humanity is going to celebrate 184th Birth Anniversary Celebrations of Savitribai Phule-The liberator of women, Pioneer of Human Rights and the Greatest Humanitarian Revolutionary of the world. We were all shocked when Taliban shot a young girl Malala Yousafzai for defending the right of young girls to education. But if in today’s world girls can walk freely to school without being attacked it is because other young Malalas have braved criticism and struggled for education in their times.Most prominent among them was Savitribai Phule who not only fought for right education for girls but also for the right to dignity for widows,unwed mothers and women with unwanted pregnancies. She was the first female teacher of the first women’s school in India. The world history has witnessed the agricultural revolution,industrial revolution, info revolution, bio revolution which has changed the “material world” of Human society. Human society has also largely been changed by “Western Enlightenment” viz. Scientific and Secular revolutions, French and Russian revolutions. The ‘Eastern world’ on the other hand also contributed to human history by Chinese revolution. All the above developments in the history of human civilisation has changed the “mental and material world” of humankind. But these revolutions could not abolish the human sufferings and end problems of human kind. If by ‘Revolution’ we mean Deconstruction of undesirable principles values and orders and establishment of desirable principles, values and orders, neither of the Enlightenments and revolutions could establish the principles of Equality-Liberty-Fraternity-Justice in reality. Thus, there is a greater revolution beyond this led by Savitribai Phule and her husband Jyotiba Phule, which contributed for the establishments of golden principles of humanity viz. Equality, Liberty, Fraternity and Justice.Women of the Indian society are not aware of the greatness of Savitribai Phule,who dared to pursue the noble profession of teaching in the ‘Dark Age’.The time when women were mere objects to be used,education for women was considered no less than a punishable crime;she dared to speak against the unpardonable boundaries imposed on women in Indian society, she ignited million lives, for which today’s women and everyone should be grateful to her. I have always wondered why the Teachers’ Day in India is not celebrated on the birthday of Savitribai Phule, the lady who started the first school for the downtrodden and was the first woman teacher of India.

Read also – Poems by Savitribai Phule

ccc

EARLY LIFE STRUGGLES OF SAVITRIBAI PHULE

Savitribai was born on 3rd January,1831,in Naigaon of Satara district in Maharashtra. It was a common practice those days to marry a girl at an early age. In spite of her desire to study, she got married to Jyotirao Phule at the age of nine.Jyotirao being a visionary and with a firm belief that every woman must be educated, started teaching his wife at home. His firmness on educating women could be seen in this interview to Dyananodaya on 15th September 1853.He says-“It did occur to me that the improvement that comes about in a child due to the mother is very important and good. So those who are concerned with the happiness and welfare of this country should definitely pay attention to the condition of women and make every effort to impart knowledge to them if they want the country to progress. With this thought, I started the school for girls first. But my caste brethren did not like that I was educating girls and my own father threw us out of the house. Nobody was ready to give space for the school nor did we have money to build it. People were not willing to send their children to school but Lahuji Ragh Raut Mang and Ranba Mahar convinced their caste brethren about the benefits of getting educated”.

Read also – Mahatma Jotiba Phule and Savitribai Phule’s contribution towards women empowerment

Continue reading

4 Comments

Filed under Dr B R Ambedkar, Savitribai Phule

What Mother Savitribai Phule had said


What Mother Savitribai Phule had said.

FotorCreated1

Stop worshiping cows, cows were never sacred. Brahmins used to eat cows. No matter you how much you try to please these Brahmins they will still treat you untouchable. So, why follow Brahminism? Why visit the Hindu temples? Why donate at Hindu temples and when we know the same money is used against us? Boycott Hindu temples and don’t donate there.

3 Comments

Filed under Caste Discrimination, Casteism, Dr B R Ambedkar, Latest, Savitribai Phule