Tag Archives: Phoolan Devi

25th July in Dalit History – Death anniversary of Phoolan Devi


25th July (2001) in Dalit History – Death anniversary of Phoolan Devi

विश्व इतिहास की श्रेष्ठ विद्रोही महिलाओं की ग्लोबल लिस्ट बनाते हुए दुनिया की सबसे बडी पत्रिका “टाइम मैगजीन” ने फूलन देवी को चौथे नंबर पर रखा। भारत से वे अकेली ही इस लिस्ट में हैं। इस लिस्ट में जॉन ऑफ आर्क से लेकर आंग सान सूकी तक कुल 17 नाम हैं।

फूलन देवी ने पुरुष और जाति सत्ता से प्रतिशोध का जो तरीका चुना, उसकी वैधानिकता पर बहस हो सकती है। पर वे दुनिया की श्रेष्ठ विद्रोही महिला थीं, इस बात में दुनिया को शक नहीं है। भारत के कुछ लोगों को बेशक शक है। जिन्हें शक है, भारत में विचार निर्माण वही करते हैं, इसलिए भारत में फूलन देवी के महत्व को स्वीकार नहीं किया जाएगा। फूलन देवी के जेल से बाहर आने के बाद मैंने इंडिया टुडे में उनकी रिपोर्ट छापी थी। 1994 की बात होगी।

एक ग़रीब मल्लाह की बेटी की विश्वस्तरीय मान्यता को स्वीकार कर पाना भारत के प्रभु वर्ग के लिए कोई आसान काम नहीं है।

Also read “I, Phoolan Devi – The autobiography of India’s Bandit Queen”

11059512_938413142867339_1104496763196471897_n

फूलन देवी के साहस का सम्मान करके अगर सरकार उन्हें भारत रत्न दे देती तो यह देश में बलात्कार की सनातन संस्कृति पर लगाम लगाने की दिशा में एक बडा क़दम होता। इस देश में बलात्कारी अगर किसी एक नाम से डरेगा, तो वह नाम फूलन देवी का ही हो सकता है। फूलन देवी जैसी कोई नहीं।

अमेरिका से लेकर ब्रिटेन में फूलन देवी का सम्मान हो ही रहा है। टाइम मैगजीन से लेकर गार्डियन तक में उनके नाम का डंका बज चुका है।

भारतीय गणराज्य के एक नागरिक की हैसियत से मेरी सरकार से माँग है कि फूलन देवी को भारत रत्न दिया जाए।

बलात्कारियों के मन में डर पैदा करना हो तो बेहतर प्रतीक यानी सिंबल क्या है? नारी उत्पीड़न के प्रतिरोध का चेहरा किसका हो?

निर्भया या फूलन देवी?

आपको एक ग़रीब मल्लाह की विद्रोही बेटी कैसे स्वीकार होगी? अब इससे क्या फर्क पड़ता है कि सारी दुनिया विश्व इतिहास की श्रेष्ठ विद्रोहिणी के तौर पर फूलन को सलाम करता है। दुनिया की सबसे लोकप्रिय ‘टाइम’ मैगजीन की नज़र में फूलन देवी श्रेष्ठ है। लंदन का जो ‘गार्डियन’ अखबार भारत के प्रधानमंत्री के मरने पर पर स्मृति लेख नहीं छापता, उसने फूलन पर स्मृति लेख छापा। वही फूलन, जो भारतीय गणराज्य के तत्कालीन राष्ट्रपति के आर नारायण की नज़र में ‘अन्याय के प्रतिकार का प्रतीक’ है।

लेकिन आप उसे कैसे स्वीकार करेंगे। आपके लिए तो वह मल्लाह है, डकैत है। है कि नहीं?

Written by – Dilip C Mandal on Facebook

11742719_895106493916676_7395531526149139185_n

25th July (2001) in Dalit History –

Death anniversary of Phoolan Devi. She did fight against the oppression of upper castes. She was ranked (4th) as one of most rebellious woman in the world by The Times magazine and she was the only one from India in that list.

25th July

Phoolan Devi

Phoolan Devi2

Phoolan Devi3

Leave a comment

Filed under Dalit History, Dr B R Ambedkar, Latest, Today in History

“I, Phoolan Devi – The autobiography of India’s Bandit Queen”


Get your copy of I, Phoolan Devi – The autobiography of India’s Bandit Queen from here.

I wanted to prove that we all have our honour, whatever our origins, our caste, the colour of our skin or our sex. — Phoolan Devi

I was about sixteen years old the day Phoolan Devi was shot dead at Delhi. I don’t remember whether I know anything about her at that time, all I remember is that I had heard her name before. Maybe, I had read about her somewhere or watched her on television or my father had talked about her. So, the day she died I felt like low-caste people of India lost someone important. That’s all what I remember about the day, yes dated 25th July, 2001 the day Phoolan Devi was shot.

Days rolled and years passed when few days back I got my hands on the book named “I, Phoolan Devi – The autobiography of India’s Bandit Queen”. As, I was turning pages while reading the book my heart sank many times and every time same question came to my mind why us? Why low-caste people have to suffer in their own homeland, why? Is it because, low-caste people were born under the dark stars? When will we be able to live peacefully without being assaulted? (After reading the book, I also watched the movie named “Bandit Queen” by Shekhar Kapoor and I must admit that the movie shows just a fraction of the sufferings Phoolan Devi endured and what I hate the most about the Shekhar Kapoor and his movie is that he didn’t even dare to meet Phoolan Devi once for the movie!) I was born brought up in a village and I’ve witnessed the pain and suffering women have to undergo. While reading the book, I decided that I’ll review-cum-summary the book as a tribute to the Phoolan Devi for her courage and suffering in the hands of so called upper caste people.

Book, “I, Phoolan Devi – The autobiography of India’s Bandit Queen” is a true story of Phoolan Devi, as narrated to French authors Marie-Therese Cuny and Paul Rambali. Phoolan Devi was born into a family of Mallahs, considered lower caste, in the village named Ghura Ka Purwa (Uttar Pradesh). This is a story of a woman who stood against the brutality of Thakurs and woman who decided not to be docile Indian women. Phoolan Devi’s mother always encouraged her not to accept injustice. In Phoolan Devi’s own words:

“The poor must bow down and touch the feet of the rich. The poor eat a few grains of millet while the rich feast on mangoes. The pain of hunger in the belly of the poor produces fear and submission. I tried to submit, as my father said I should, but I was unable. I was like my mother. There was too much anger in me.” 

Even at the tender age of ten, she took fight with her cousin, Mayadin, who had grabbed her father’s land; she forced the Panchayat to reopen the land case. She fought with Mayadin when he tried to cut Neem tree, which belonged to her family. At the age of 10, she could hold snakes without fear. She was a brave fighter from the start, never accepted the degradation and kept dignity above everything. There were times when her family had nothing to eat and her mother cursed for giving birth to girls. Mallahs as other lower castes were expected to do all kind of worst jobs such as herding the Thakurs’ animals, cut grass for those animals, collect dung, massage Thakurian’s head, and the worst was they were not allowed to ask anything in return. If, anyone refused to do work for Thakurs, they were beaten; even Phoolan was beaten more than once for refusing to do menial chores for Thakurs.

Continue reading

7 Comments

Filed under Book Review, Caste Discrimination, Dalit-Bahujans, Dr B R Ambedkar