Tag Archives: Jai Bhim

Jai Bhim Comrade – Documentary


Jai Bhim Comrade, shot over 14 years, follows the music of protest of Maharashtra’s dalits. India’s Dalit (oppressed) castes were abhorred as “untouchables”. It captures the brutal reality of oppression against dalits and people’s struggle. In 1997, a statue of Dr. Ambedkar in a Dalit Rambai colony in Mumbai was desecrated with a garland of footwear. As residents came onto the street, police fired resulting in the death of 10 residents.[1] Vilas Ghogre a poet and singer, hung himself in protest. Through poems and songs, it covers that moment and goes on to explore events that unfolded in the aftermath. (Synopsis from Wikipedia)

Watch the full documentary from –

Jai Bhim Comrade

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Buddhism in the Daravi slums


Mumbai’s Way: Buddhism in the Daravi slums (Visits to Daravi slums with Dr. Arun Kamble)

You can also watch the same video from this link https://vimeo.com/9441279

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06 Dec 1956: Mahaparinirvan Din


On the morning at around 6.30 a.m, Dr. Ambedkar’s wife Savita Ambedkar got up as usual, when she had a look at the bed she saw Dr. Ambedkar’s leg resting on the cushion as usual. She soon realized that he had departed. She sent her car for Nanak Chand Rattu (assistant of Dr. Ambedkar) and he came. On his arrival Mrs. Ambedkar collapsed in the sofa crying that Babasaheb had departed the world. Rattu could not bear the thought, and with a trembling voice he exclaimed, “What! Babasaheb has departed this world. Rattu attempted to stimulate heart action in the mortal remains by massaging his limbs, moving his arms and leg, pressing upward the diaphragm and putting in his mouth a spoonful of brandy; but they failed to stimulate respiration. He had passed away in sleep.

Check also – Last day of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

dr_ambedkars_last_journey

Mrs. Ambedkar now louldly mourned her husband, and Rattu wept bitterly over the dead body of his master, crying “Oh! Babasaheb, I have come, give me work.”

(Four year earlier Dr Ambedkar had written to his chief lieutenant Bahurao Gaikwad that he would not live long, and so Bahurao Gaikwad should prepare his mind for the event. )

Rattu then broke the shocking news to circles closest to Babasaheb and then Ministers of the Central Government. The news spread like wild fire. Many of his admirers and lieutenants and followers ran to 20 Alipore Road, and soon a throng of mourners collected outside his residence to have a last glimpse of the great man.

The Bombay associates of the leader were intimated through Siddarth College, and they were also informed that the body was being flown to Bombay that night.

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Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar & His Writings (Published in year)


  • Castes in India, May 1916
  • The National Dividend of India, 1916
  • Small Holdings in India and Their Remedies, 1917
  • Weekly ‘Mook Nayak’, Started 31st January 1920
  • Provincial Decentralisation of Imperial Finance in British India, June 1921
  • The Problem of a Rupee – Its Origin & Its Solution, March 1923
  • The Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India, 1925
  • Weekly ‘Bahishkrit Bharat’, Started 13th April 1927
  • Weekly ‘Janata’, Started December 1930
  • Annihilation of Caste, December 1935
  • Federation Vs Freedom, January 1939
  • Thoughts on Pakistan, December 1940
  • Mr. Gandhi & the Emancipation of the Untouchables, December 1942
  • Ranade, Gandhi & Jinnah, January 1943
  • What Congress & Gandhi have done to the Untouchables, June 1945
  • Who Were the Shudras?, October 1946
  • States & Minorities, March 1947
  • The Untouchable, October 1948
  • Maharashtra as Linguistic Province, October 1948
  • Thoughts on Linguistic States, December 1955
  • Buddha & His Dhamma, Published 1957

Get books from https://drambedkarbooks.com/dr-b-r-ambedkar-books/

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Jai Bhim and Jai Hind


Dear friends,

As I was cursorily browsing through Eleanor Zelliot’s “From Untouchable to Dalit” (1992, Manohar), my attention was attracted to the passage:

“… his (Ambedkar’s) very name has become a symbol. The Indian nationalist cry, ‘Jai Hind’, has been transformed into Jai Bhim…” [p.144]

This gives an impression that “Jai Bhim’ came into vogue later in time and has been styled after “Jai Hind”. I think this presumption of Ms. Zelliot is historically wrong.

The Hindus used “Ram Ram” or “Jay Ramji ki” or “Jay Gopal” while greeting each other. I think the slogan of “Jai Hind” was given by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, for the first time, after formation of Indian National Army in Burma and a call was given to “Chalo Delhi” (“March on Delhi”). This was just before end of Second World War in 1945.

The originator of “Jai Bhim” was Babu L. N. Hardas, a strong follower of Ambedkar, Chief Secretary of the Independent Labour Party and In-Charge of C.P and Berar. He was elected legislator on ILP Ticket, in 1937, from Kamptee near Nagpur. He was one of the signatories to the “Poona Pact” and had participated in discussions with Gandhi following the Poona Pact. He was the Labour Leader and Founder of the “Beedi Kamgar Sangh” of C.P. and Berar. A writer, thinker, dramatist and a poet, Hardas, was also the editor of a Marathi weekly “Maharattha” and “Chokhamela Visheshanka”. He died young at the age of 35, in 1939.

How ‘Jai Bhim’ originated is narrated by P. T. Ramteke in his research paper titled ” ‘Jai Bhim’ che janak — Baboo Hardas L. N.” (publ. by author, Jan. 2000), which was his dissertation for M. A. He describes how Hardas conceived and developed the idea of Jai Bhim.

Hardas was not comfortable with “Jai Rama-pati” — (ostensibly a reference to Ambedkar, I presume) — with which he was greeted after being elected as Legislature. A Moulavi explained him meaning of “Salam Alekum”, a greeting among the Muslims. From this, he got the idea of “Jai Bhim”. He decided that “Jai Bhim” should be used and responded with “Bal Bhim”. He propagated this method of greeting with the help of workers of “Bhim Vijay Sangh”. Later, he decided that “Bal Bhim” is not suitable and decided that both parties should greet each other by “Jai Bhim”. He is, therefore, considered as father of “Jai Bhim”.

It would be clear that Jai Bhim did not originate from Jai Hind. May be it is other way round.

When Christians meet they shake hands and touch cheek to cheek — jowl to jowl, when Muslims meet they embrace each other. Thus both have got culture of bodily contact promoting ‘bhai chara’ — brotherhood. We — Buddhists — seem to have emulated Hindu culture of saying “Namaste” and folding our own hands over the opposite person, as if to suggest — “Keep away from me”.

What is the difference between Hindus and Buddhists? Just the words “Jai Bhim” instead of “Namaste”! (OR even “Namma-sati” , as a friend of mine, who is proud of Pali being the origin of all Indian languages insists — instead of Jai Bhim!”.) Let us not discuss the methods of greetings as propagated by Manu Smriti. May be some other time.

Thanks

Dr. K. Jamanadas

Source: http://www.ambedkar.org/jamanadas/JaiBhim.htm

For Dr Baba Saheb Ambedkar’s Books, please visit https://drambedkarbooks.wordpress.com/dr-b-r-ambedkar-books/

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