5 February 1988: Massive counter demonstration of Dalits to pin the Government of Maharashtra to publish the “Riddles in Hinduism”
With the death centenary of Mahatma Jyotiba Phule and the birth centenary ofDr. Babasaheb Ambedkar due in 1990-91, the state government of Maharashtra had begun the project of publishing the complete works of both. As part of this project, it brought out a volume that contained Dr. Ambedkar’s hitherto unpublished work, “Riddles in Hinduism” (volume no 4) in October 1987. In this, he made a rational and dispassionate analysis, from the standpoint of social justice, of the life stories of Hindu deities. The work also had a section (appendix 1) which was called “the Riddle of Ram and Krishna”.
Get Dr. Ambedkar’s books – [PDF] Writings & Sppeches of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar
The Shiv Sena party in Mahatashtra pounced on “Riddles”, branded it as an intolerable insult to Hindu religion and Hindu deities and demanded a ban on its publication. It held a huge demonstration in Mumbai on 15 January 1988 and began disturbances all over the state, abusing Dr. Ambedkar and widening caste-communal divisions. It was only after an even larger counter-demonstration by all Dalit groups that was led by Prakash Ambedkar (grandson of Dr. Amebdkar) on 5 February 1988 that the publication could further proceed with a note from Government that it does not concur with the views expressed in the chapter on Ram and Krishna.
It is worthy to note that as per Nanak Chand Rattu, Dr. Ambedkar had planned to write a separate book on “Riddle of Rama and Krishna”. Compilation of material under different headings in the form of rough notes, written in small note books and loose sheets, some typed extracts, markings and references put together in file covers and paper bags, under different headings, indicated his ambition to bring out the following books one after the other – (i) Buddha and His Dhamma, (ii) Buddha and Karl Marx, (iii) Revolution and Counter-revolution in Ancient India, (iv) Riddles in Hinduism, (v) Riddle of Rama and Krishna, (vi) Riddle of Trimurti and (vii) Riddle of Woman.
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar (sitting in the first row) among other dignitaries at India’s first Republic Day parade.
On 12-13th January 1936 - The Depressed Classes Conference was held at Pune where Dr. Ambedkar reiterated his resolution of the Yeola Conference to leave Hinduism, religion of discrimination.
Read also – Why you should not donate at Hindu temples and pledge to say no to Hindu temples.
Why Babasaheb Ambedkar left Hinduism.
Written by – Anand Teltumbde
On 27 November DailyO.in, a web edition of the India Today, published an article by one S.N. Balgangadhara, who is a professor in Ghent University in Belgium titled as “Which intolerance is growing in India?.” It was a response to the indignation spreading against him for his abusive references to Dr Ambedkar while speaking in an international conference at the English and Foreign Languages University (EFLU), Hyderabad. Instead of being apologetic, he justified his contempt for Ambedkar and repeated his ridicule saying that “he outshines the genius of Alia Bhatt.” Pedestrian insults and invectives as such are not new for Ambedkar but never before anyone in any public intellectual forum had used such a foul language for him. While the right wing ruling establishment is mouthing limitless love and displaying inexhaustible devotion to Ambedkar, it is interesting to hear someone known to be engaged with theorizing greatness of Hindu culture and tradition showering abuses on Ambedkar with impunity.
Balgangadhara may never admit association with the Sangh Pariwar as many of his ilk do but he has repeatedly admitted being a Brahman, and that too with worthless pride. Before that Arun Shouri– let it be said in his favour that he was not as idiotic as Gangadhara — in his Worshipping False God had marshaled his pedestrian facts with an aura of discovery to argue that Ambedkar was not a maker of the constitution of India. He and many of his detractors among Dalits did not realize that their belabouring the point was completely off the mark as Ambedkar himself had disowned the constitution and exposed the Brahmanic conspiracy to use him as a hack. He had also said that he did not have any association with the Sangh Pariwar but the fact remained that he was a chosen one to head the most happening ministry to be, the ministry of disinvestment, in the first ever BJP’s cabinet under Atal Behari Bajpeyi. Balgangadhara too would claim no connection with the Sangh Pariwar but the language he speaks in and arguments he proffers inadvertently reveal the truth that he belonged to the same tribe that masked its Hindutva with a secular veneer. In the euphoric excesses the BJP establishment has been committing in eulogy to Ambedkar, this episode uncovered the deep rooted hatred for Ambedkar in the Brahmanic camp.
१. धर्म ने आपको दी हजारों साल की गुलामी जबकि संविधान ने दी आपको हजारों साल की गुलामी से आजादी।
२. धर्म ने आपको अछूत बनाया संविधान ने समानता का अधिकार देकर आपको इन्सान बनाया।
३. धर्म ने आपको शिक्षा से वंचित रखकर विकास से वंचित किया जबकि संविधान ने आपको शिक्षा का अधिकार देकर विकास के नए रास्ते खोले।
४. धर्म ने आपको संपत्ति से वंचित रखकर आर्थिक रूप से पंगु कर दिया जबकि संविधान ने आपको संपत्ति, कारोबार का अधिकार देकर उन्नति के लिए नये रास्ते खोले।
- धर्म ने आपको शहर, गाँव से अलग एक तरफ बस्ती बनाकर समाज से काटकर रख दिया जबकि संविधान ने आपको शेष समाज से जोड़कर इन्सान होने का एहसास दिलाया।
६. धर्म ने आपको नीच बनाया संविधान ने आपको सभी इंसानों के समान ही इन्सान बनाया।
७. धर्म आपको जानवरों से भी बदतर समझता है जबकि संविधान आपको किसी भी आदमी से कम नहीं समझता।
८. धर्म ने आपको जल रूपी जीवन से वंचित रखा जबकि संविधान ने आपको जल पर समान अधिकार दिया।
अब बतलाईये धर्म महान है या संविधान, अगर आपका जवाब संविधान है तो ” हिन्दु “धर्म में रहने की क्या जरूरत है। कृपया अाप भी राय दें। सदियों के अँधेरे से संविधान के द्वारा प्रकाश की किरण मिले। आप सभी का मंगल हो। ऐसी उम्मीद के साथ…. “नमों बुद्धाय जय भीम”
In the Hindu religion, one can[not] have freedom of speech. A Hindu must surrender his freedom of speech. He must act according to the Vedas. If the Vedas do not support the actions, instructions must be sought from the Smritis, and if the Smritis fail to provide any such instructions, he must follow in the footsteps of the great men. He is not supposed to reason. Hence, so long as you are in the Hindu religion, you cannot expect to have freedom of thought. – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
It is usual to hear all those who feel moved by the deplorable condition of the Untouchables unburden themselves by uttering the cry, ‘We must do something for the Untouchables. One seldom hears any of the persons interested in the problem saying, Let us do something to change the Touchable Hindu. It is invariably assumed that the object to be reclaimed is the Untouchables. If there is to be a mission, it must be to the Untouchables and if the Untouchables can be cured, untouchability will vanish. Nothing requires to be done to the Touchable. He is sound in mind, manners and morals. He is whole, there is nothing wrong with him. Is this assumption correct? Whether correct or not, the Hindus like to cling to it. The assumption has the supreme merit of satisfying themselves that they are not responsible for the problem of the Untouchables. – Dr. Ambedkar