My final words of advice to you are educate, agitate and organize; have faith in yourself. With justice on our side I do not see how we can loose our battle. The battle to me is a matter of joy. The battle is in the fullest sense spiritual. There is nothing material or social in it. For ours is a battle not for wealth or for power. It is battle for freedom. It is the battle of reclamation of human personality. – Dr. Ambedkar
20th June (1938) in Dalit History – Guru Nanak Khalsa college, Mumbai, brainchild of Dr. Ambedkar was founded
Guru Nanak Khalsa college was the brainchild of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, who wanted to set up a centre or an institute in Bombay for higher education. In 1935 he put forth this proposal of establishing an educational institution for higher education in Bombay to the Sikh religious leaders at Amritsar. The Sikh leaders agreed upon this idea with their main objective of providing good quality of higher education and also to popularize Sikh culture in a non-Sikh State. Thus in 1937, G. N. Khalsa College was born in a plot where the college stands today, with the total area of 27, 642 sq. yards. (Wikipedia)
Dr Baba Saheb Ambedkar
Dear Brothers and Sisters,
Dr. Ambedkar Memorial Committee of Great Britain is celebrating the 124th Birth anniversary of Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar from 11th to 19th April, 2015 at Wolverhampton. Please join this function and enjoy intellectual talks, lunch or songs from famous singers.
There will be screening of movie on the life of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar on 17th April, book (on Dr. Ambedkar) launch on 18th April. Historical things related to Dr. B. R. Ambedkar will also be displayed at the Wolverhampton Art Gallery from 11th to 18th April. You can contact the committee at firstname.lastname@example.org
Please spread the information.
Check leaflet below for more detail about the program and exact location (click on the picture to enlarge) –
|Agra city has been a staunch center of Ambedkarite Movement from good old days. Dr. Ambedkar paid a last visit of his life to Agra city on 18th March 1956. During this visit, he addressed a huge public meeting, in which he said, ‘Educated People have Deceived Me’. inspired and motivated by the sense of responsibility, by taking a message in general and educated class in particular. BAMCEF has decided to launch a “Dr. Ambedkar Centenary Abhiyan” in this year of birth centenary. Under this program a chain of symposia will be conducted on the topic connected with this statement. The nation wide program will commence on 18th March 1990 from Agra itself, where Dr. Ambedkar, made this statement. We are publishing here the English translation of that historical speech of Dr. Ambedkar. The original Hindi text of the speech was made available to us by Mr. Daya Shankar of Agra.
|“For the past 30 years, I’m struggling to secure political rights for you people. I have got for you reserved seats in parliament and in state assemblies. I have got for you proper provision for education of you children. Today, we can progress. It is now your duty to continue the struggle unitedly for removal of educational, economic and social inequality. For this purpose, you will have to be prepared for all sorts of sacrifices and even to shed your blood”.
|“If someone invites you in his place, you may go willingly. But you must not go there by putting your own hut on fire. If that king quarrels with you some day and drive you out of his place, where will you go? If you want to sell out yourselves you may do so nut not at the cost of destroying your organization. I do not have any dangers from others, but I feel danger from our own people.”
|“I’m more worried for the landless laborers of the villages. I could not do much for them. I cannot bear their sufferings and plights. The main reasons for their sufferings is that they do not have land. Therefore they are victims of Humiliations and struggle for it. If government puts any hurdle in it I will lead these people and will also give a legal battle for them, but I shall try to secure land for the landless”
|Very soon, I will embrace the religion of lord Buddha. It is a progressive religion. It is based on equality, liberty and fraternity. I could search this religion through efforts of many years. Now I will become Buddhist very soon. Then as an untouchable I will not be able to live with you. But as a real Buddhist I will continue to struggle for your welfare. I will not tell you to become Buddhist with me. I do not want Bund Flowers. Only those who desire to take refuge in this great religion may embrace Buddhism, so that they remain in this religion with firm convictions and observer its code of conduct.
|“Buddhism is a great religion. The founder of this religion Tathagat Buddha has propagated this religion and due to its good aspects it could reach every nook and corner of India. After its great fame, this religion become extinct in 1213 AD. There are many reasons for this. One of the reason is also that the Buddhist Monks became addicted to living luxurious and restful life. Instead of moving, they started taking rest in Vihars and indulging in writing books in praise. Now for re-establishing this religion, they will have to work hard. They will have t move door to door. We have very few monks in the society. Therefore, the common good people should also propagate the religion and perform its rights.”
|“There is some progress in education in our society. By acquiring education some people have reached to the higher positions. But these educated people have deceived me. i was hoping from them that after acquiring high education they would serve the society. But what I am seeing is that a crowd of small and big clerks has gather around, who is busy in filling their belly. Those who are employed in government services. It is their duty that they should contribute willingly 20th part of their salary to the cause. Then only one family will improve. The boy who is educating in a village the entire society has expectation from him. One educated social worker can prove a boon for them.”
|My appeal to the students is that after acquiring education, instead of doing some clerical job, he should serve his village or locality people, by which, exploitation and injustice arising out of ignorance can be stopped. your emancipation lies in the emancipation of the society.Today my position is like a big pole. Supporting a hung tent. I am worried about when this pole will not be there. I am not keeping good health. I do not know, when I will go away from you. i am not finding any young man, who will protect the interest of these crores of helpless and hopeless people. When I think that tough I am so highly educated, a Brahmin who is cleaning utensils in kitchen considers me untouchable, what will happen to the crores of my brethren? I feel that if some young men come forward, I will happily go away.In the last, I would like o tell you “Educate yourself, then Organise and be optimistic and then struggle for your rights. Only in this lies your emancipation and welfare.”
18 January 1939: Dr. Ambedkar addressed a large gathering at Rajkot in Gujarat.
Dr. Ambedkar had flown to Rajkot, as a state guest, to study the problems of the Scheulded Castes. He interviewed His Highness Thakore Saheb Dharmendrasinhji Lakhajiraj, the ruler of Rajkot.
18 January 1943: Dr. Ambedkar delivered the lecture on “Ranade, Gandhi and Jinnah” on the occasion of 101st birthday celebration of Ranade in Gokhale Memorial Hall, Pune.
Some highlights of the lecture:
“Entrenched behind the plaudits of the Press, the spirit of domination exhibited by these two Great Men (Gandhi and Jinnah) has transgressed all limits. By their domination they have demoralised their followers and demoralized politics. By their domination they have made half their followers fools and the other half hypocrites. In establishing their supremacy they have taken the aid of “big business” and money magnates. For the first time in our country, money is taking the field as an organised power…… Politics in the hands of these two Great Men have become a competition in extravaganza. If Mr. Gandhi is known as Mahatma, Mr. Jinnah must be known as Qaid-i-Azim. If Gandhi has the Congress, Mr. Jinnah must have the Muslim League…. The session of the Congress must be followed by a session of the League…. If the Congress passes a Resolution of 17,000 words, the Muslim League’s Resolution must exceed it by at least a thousand words…. Jinnah insists that Gandhi should admit that he is a Hindu. Gandhi insists that Jinnah should admit that he is one of the leaders of the Muslims…. Neither will consider a solution of the problems which is not eternal. Between them Indian politics has become “frozen,” to use a well-known Banking phrase, and no political action is possible.”
Do visit http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00ambedkar/txt_ambedkar_ranade.html for the full lecture.
Jinnah, Periyar and Ambedkar
18 January 1948: Economic losses for mills due to strike by dalit mill workers.
The strike by dalit milll workers in Ahmedabad (Gujarat) from 15 January 1948 in support of the Kalupur Swaminarayan Temple Entry Agitation led to economic losses for the mills, estimated at Rs. 5 lakhs on 18 January 1948.