By 10.00 a.m, Periyar arrived at Dadar station with his colleagues (Justice T. A. V. Nathan, P. Balasubramaniam – Editor of Sunday observer, the mouth piece of Justice Party, C. A. Annadurai, the General Secretary of Justice Party, T. P. S. Ponnappan and C. Panjatcharam). He was given a reception and taken by a decorated coach fitted with two white horses! Evening, he met Dr. Ambedkar and latter took the former to his residence. Both discussed on various social and political issues from 9.00 to 10.30 p.m.
Most of us know Dr. B R Ambedkar’s ideological fights with Gandhi. Not many, however, would know the kind of issues Dr. Ambedkar had with Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister.
The so called modernist Pt. Nehru had turned so conservative after India’s freedom – or he was a conservative throughout his life that Dr. Ambedkar could no more remain his co-traveler and had to resign from his Cabinet on September 27, 1951. Reproduced [Ambedkar’s Writings, Vol. 14, Part Two, pages.1317-1327] is the full text of Dr. Ambedkar’s speech on his resignation
Text of the Resignation
The House I am sure knows, unofficially if not officially, that I have ceased to be a member of the Cabinet. I tendered my resignation on Thursday, the 27th September to the Prime Minister and asked him to relieve me immediately. The Prime Minister was good enough to accept the same on the very next day. If I have continued to be a Minister after Friday, the 28th, it is because the Prime Minister had requested me to continue till the end of the Session — a request to which I was, in obedience to constitutional convention, bound to assent.
Our Rules of Procedure permit a Minister who has resigned his office, to make a personal statement in explanation of his resignation. Many members of Cabinet have resigned during my tenure of office. There has been however no uniform practice in the matter of Ministers who have resigned making a statement. Some have gone without making a statement and others have gone after making a statement. For a few days I was hesitant what course to follow. After taking all circumstances into consideration I came to the conclusion that making of a statement was not merely necessary, but it was a duty which a member who has resigned owes to the House.
Dr Ambedkar was against Manusmriti as it discriminates against fellow human beings. Manusmriti gives all kinds of comforts to the Brahmins, in order for them to commit all sorts of atrocities on the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, and, in turn justifies their evil designs. Ambedkar alleged that the caste system, founded on Varnashrama Dharma, is the negation of social justice. Being a great supporter of women’s liberation, Dr. Ambedkar also blamed the Varna system for their subjugation. He also alleged Manusmriti as solely responsible for the downfall of Hindu women. In wake of the social justice and equality, Dr Ambedkar publicly burned the copies of Manusmriti on December 25, 1927 as a symbol of rejection of the religious basis of untouchability during the Maha Sangharsha of Mahad Satyagraha. [Source – Dailyo.in]
Manusmruti is the mythological book of Hindus where rule of life has been written. Hindus used to follow the rule of Manusmruti, it was nothing but a bloody theory written by orthodox to keep Dalits away from their rights and allow hindus to exploit them. Manusmruti was a Devil thought of Hindus.
So another satyagraha was organized at Mahad later on the same year on December 25-26, 1927, thousands of Dalits publicly burnt copies of the Manusmruti, the hated ancient symbol of Brahminical caste and gender oppression. The leader of this revolutionary movement was Dr B R Ambedkar, and it was with these two movements that Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar emerged as Leader of Dalits.