Tag Archives: Dr Ambedkar Jayanti

Dalit History Month – Remembering Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar


‪Dalit History‬ today is honored to write a post on our dear Babasaheb on this special day. While to the most of the world, Dr. B. R Ambedkar is known as the architect of the Indian constitution, a social reformer, and an eminent jurist; his contribution as an economist, as an advocate of women’s rights; as a writer, an educationist, and a philosopher is also equally important. In this capacity he is not only a Dalit icon but a true revolutionary and is recognized as a founding father of independent India.

Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was born the 14th child on April 14th, 1891 into Mahar family. Discovered by a Maharaja Sayaji Rao he received a full scholarship and went on to study at the Elphinstone College, Mumbai in 1908. From there he was one of the first Indian to study abroad and he went to pursue economics at the Columbia University. Later, he became a professor of political economy at the Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics. In 1920, he went to London to get his Bar-at-Law at Gray’s Inn for Law. On 8 June, 1927, he was awarded a Doctorate by the University of Columbia. From 1920 to 1930, he also published a series of newspapers namely Mook Nayak (The Silent Hero), Bahishkrit Bharat (Exiled India), Samata (equality), and Janata (People)

Dr. Ambedkar

Dr. Ambedkar

Upon his return to India he faced vicious caste discrimination with top employers refusing to hiring him. Thus began Dr. Ambedkar’s relentless struggle for equality for Dalits. He had a multi-pronged strategy: First eradicate illiteracy, then focus on the economic upliftment while also using non-violent struggle against visible symbols of casteism, like denial of entry into temples and drawing water from public wells and tanks. He later added the powerful call for Dalits to leave Hinduism for Buddhism. Leading to one of the largest mass conversion in world in Nagpur where over 600,000 Dalits joined Him in becoming Buddhist.

His focus on Dalit Liberation often put him at odds with Gandhi and it was due to Ambedkar that Gandhi eventually shifted his draconian position on caste. Ambedkar’s leadership in the independence movement ensured Dalits were at the table in the crucial Round Table conferences that led to the formation of the Indian State. While disappointed at the refusal of separate Dalit electorates, it was his advocacy that led to the reservation system that helped provide affirmative action to Dalits and Adivasis in government and public institutions.

In the wake of his legacy this post is a call to read and learn more from this Dalit Giant. He leaves behind a rich treasury of speeches and almost forty books that are still relevant today. In fact his seminal text Annihilation of Caste is available for free everywhere around the world. In his honor we leave you with his exhortation to educate, agitate, and organize. And of course the Dalit salutation which is a honorary reference back to him: ‪‎Jai Bhim‬.

Leave a comment

Filed under Dalit History, Dalit History Month, Dr B R Ambedkar, Today in Dalit History, Today in History

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Jayanti Celebration at Wolverhampton (United Kingdom)


Dear Brothers and Sisters,

Dr. Ambedkar Memorial Committee of Great Britain is celebrating the 124th Birth anniversary of Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar from 11th to 19th April, 2015 at Wolverhampton. Please join this function and enjoy intellectual talks, lunch or songs from famous singers.

There will be screening of movie on the life of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar on 17th April, book (on Dr. Ambedkar) launch on 18th April. Historical things related to Dr. B. R. Ambedkar will also be displayed at the Wolverhampton Art Gallery from 11th to 18th April.  You can contact the committee at info@drambedkar.org.uk

Please spread the information.

Check leaflet below for more detail about the program and exact location (click on the picture to enlarge) – 

ApcuyqAu4eOGXCcayxDBP94YFM2c2OwwAWuA4EGm5AuQ

Leave a comment

Filed under Dalit-Bahujans, Dr B R Ambedkar

Dr. Ambedkar’s Historical Speech at Agra


Historical Speech by Dr. Ambedkar at Agra
Agra city has been a staunch center of Ambedkarite Movement from good old days. Dr. Ambedkar paid a last visit of his life to Agra city on 18th March 1956. During this visit, he addressed a huge public meeting, in which he said, ‘Educated People have Deceived Me’. inspired and motivated by the sense of responsibility, by taking a message in general and educated class in particular. BAMCEF has decided to launch a “Dr. Ambedkar Centenary Abhiyan” in this year of birth centenary. Under this program a chain of symposia will be conducted on the topic connected with this statement. The nation wide program will commence on 18th March 1990 from Agra itself, where Dr. Ambedkar, made this statement. We are publishing here the English translation of that historical speech of Dr. Ambedkar. The original Hindi text of the speech was made available to us by Mr. Daya Shankar of Agra.
495

TO MASSES

“For the past 30 years, I’m struggling to secure political rights for you people. I have got for you reserved seats in parliament and in state assemblies. I have got for you proper provision for education of you children. Today, we can progress. It is now your duty to continue the struggle unitedly for removal of educational, economic and social inequality. For this purpose, you will have to be prepared for all sorts of sacrifices and even to shed your blood”.

TO LEADERS

“If someone invites you in his place, you may go willingly. But you must not go there by putting your own hut on fire. If that king quarrels with you some day and drive you out of his place, where will you go? If you want to sell out yourselves you may do so nut not at the cost of destroying your organization. I do not have any dangers from others, but I feel danger from our own people.”

TO LANDLESS LABORERS

“I’m more worried for the landless laborers of the villages. I could not do much for them. I cannot bear their sufferings and plights. The main reasons for their sufferings is that they do not have land. Therefore they are victims of Humiliations and struggle for it. If government puts any hurdle in it I will lead these people and will also give a legal battle for them, but I shall try to secure land for the landless”

TO HIS FOLLOWERS

Very soon, I will embrace the religion of lord Buddha. It is a progressive religion. It is based on equality, liberty and fraternity. I could search this religion through efforts of many years. Now I will become Buddhist very soon. Then as an untouchable I will not be able to live with you. But as a real Buddhist I will continue to struggle for your welfare. I will not tell you to become Buddhist with me. I do not want Bund Flowers. Only those who desire to take refuge in this great religion may embrace Buddhism, so that they remain in this religion with firm convictions and observer its code of conduct.

TO BUDDHIST MONK

“Buddhism is a great religion. The founder of this religion Tathagat Buddha has propagated this religion and due to its good aspects it could reach every nook and corner of India. After its great fame, this religion become extinct in 1213 AD. There are many reasons for this. One of the reason is also that the Buddhist Monks became addicted to living luxurious and restful life. Instead of moving, they started taking rest in Vihars and indulging in writing books in praise. Now for re-establishing this religion, they will have to work hard. They will have t move door to door. We have very few monks in the society. Therefore, the common good people should also propagate the religion and perform its rights.”

TO GOVT. EMPLOYEES 

“There is some progress in education in our society. By acquiring education some people have reached to the higher positions. But these educated people have deceived me. i was hoping from them that after acquiring high education they would serve the society. But what I am seeing is that a crowd of small and big clerks has gather around, who is busy in filling their belly. Those who are employed in government services. It is their duty that they should contribute willingly 20th part of their salary to the cause. Then only one family will improve. The boy who is educating in a village the entire society has expectation from him. One educated social worker can prove a boon for them.”

TO STUDENTS AND YOUTHS

My appeal to the students is that after acquiring education, instead of doing some clerical job, he should serve his village or locality people, by which, exploitation and injustice arising out of ignorance can be stopped. your emancipation lies in the emancipation of the society.Today my position is like a big pole. Supporting a hung tent. I am worried about when this pole will not be there. I am not keeping good health. I do not know, when I will go away from you. i am not finding any young man, who will protect the interest of these crores of helpless and hopeless people. When I think that tough I am so highly educated, a Brahmin who is cleaning utensils in kitchen considers me untouchable, what will happen to the crores of my brethren? I feel that if some young men come forward, I will happily go away.In the last, I would like o tell you “Educate yourself, then Organise and be optimistic and then struggle for your rights. Only in this lies your emancipation and welfare.”

2 Comments

Filed under Dalit-Bahujans, Dr B R Ambedkar, Equal Rights