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Facts about Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar you should know –
5 February 1988: Massive counter demonstration of Dalits to pin the Government of Maharashtra to publish the “Riddles in Hinduism”
With the death centenary of Mahatma Jyotiba Phule and the birth centenary ofDr. Babasaheb Ambedkar due in 1990-91, the state government of Maharashtra had begun the project of publishing the complete works of both. As part of this project, it brought out a volume that contained Dr. Ambedkar’s hitherto unpublished work, “Riddles in Hinduism” (volume no 4) in October 1987. In this, he made a rational and dispassionate analysis, from the standpoint of social justice, of the life stories of Hindu deities. The work also had a section (appendix 1) which was called “the Riddle of Ram and Krishna”.
Get Dr. Ambedkar’s books – [PDF] Writings & Sppeches of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar
The Shiv Sena party in Mahatashtra pounced on “Riddles”, branded it as an intolerable insult to Hindu religion and Hindu deities and demanded a ban on its publication. It held a huge demonstration in Mumbai on 15 January 1988 and began disturbances all over the state, abusing Dr. Ambedkar and widening caste-communal divisions. It was only after an even larger counter-demonstration by all Dalit groups that was led by Prakash Ambedkar (grandson of Dr. Amebdkar) on 5 February 1988 that the publication could further proceed with a note from Government that it does not concur with the views expressed in the chapter on Ram and Krishna.
It is worthy to note that as per Nanak Chand Rattu, Dr. Ambedkar had planned to write a separate book on “Riddle of Rama and Krishna”. Compilation of material under different headings in the form of rough notes, written in small note books and loose sheets, some typed extracts, markings and references put together in file covers and paper bags, under different headings, indicated his ambition to bring out the following books one after the other – (i) Buddha and His Dhamma, (ii) Buddha and Karl Marx, (iii) Revolution and Counter-revolution in Ancient India, (iv) Riddles in Hinduism, (v) Riddle of Rama and Krishna, (vi) Riddle of Trimurti and (vii) Riddle of Woman.
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar (sitting in the first row) among other dignitaries at India’s first Republic Day parade.
१. धर्म ने आपको दी हजारों साल की गुलामी जबकि संविधान ने दी आपको हजारों साल की गुलामी से आजादी।
२. धर्म ने आपको अछूत बनाया संविधान ने समानता का अधिकार देकर आपको इन्सान बनाया।
३. धर्म ने आपको शिक्षा से वंचित रखकर विकास से वंचित किया जबकि संविधान ने आपको शिक्षा का अधिकार देकर विकास के नए रास्ते खोले।
४. धर्म ने आपको संपत्ति से वंचित रखकर आर्थिक रूप से पंगु कर दिया जबकि संविधान ने आपको संपत्ति, कारोबार का अधिकार देकर उन्नति के लिए नये रास्ते खोले।
- धर्म ने आपको शहर, गाँव से अलग एक तरफ बस्ती बनाकर समाज से काटकर रख दिया जबकि संविधान ने आपको शेष समाज से जोड़कर इन्सान होने का एहसास दिलाया।
६. धर्म ने आपको नीच बनाया संविधान ने आपको सभी इंसानों के समान ही इन्सान बनाया।
७. धर्म आपको जानवरों से भी बदतर समझता है जबकि संविधान आपको किसी भी आदमी से कम नहीं समझता।
८. धर्म ने आपको जल रूपी जीवन से वंचित रखा जबकि संविधान ने आपको जल पर समान अधिकार दिया।
अब बतलाईये धर्म महान है या संविधान, अगर आपका जवाब संविधान है तो ” हिन्दु “धर्म में रहने की क्या जरूरत है। कृपया अाप भी राय दें। सदियों के अँधेरे से संविधान के द्वारा प्रकाश की किरण मिले। आप सभी का मंगल हो। ऐसी उम्मीद के साथ…. “नमों बुद्धाय जय भीम”
19th July 1926 in Dalit History – Death anniversary of Dr. Ambedkar’s youngest son Rajratna
Those were difficult times for Dr. Ambedkar. He lived in B.I.T Chawls, Mumbai; three floor building each having about 80 one-room tenements and having common baths. Although he was best qualified to fill the position of the Principal of Sydenham College he was not appointed despite of the best efforts of Dr R P Paranjpye, then the Member for Education. He accepted a part time post of a lecturer in the Batliboy’s Accounting Training Institute where he taught Mercantile Law. It was during this time that Ramabai, wife of Dr. Ambedkar, gave birth to a son. He named his son Rajratna whom he loved dearly. Before that his wife gave birth to three sons and a daughter (Indu) all of whom had passed away. However Dr. Ambedkar lost Rajratna too on 19 July 1926. Dr. Ambedkar was very sad & depressed because of the death.
19th July 1937 in Dalit History – Dr. Ambedkar took oath as the member of Bombay Legislative Council
Dr. Ambedkar was elected as Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) to the Bombay Provincial Legislative Assembly from Bombay in the 1937 elections with a thundering majority as a candidate of his Independent Labour Party. He retained the membership till 1942.