Tag Archives: Dr Ambedkar Books

[Photos] Mumbai stands up for #JusticeForRohith


Mumbai stands up for #JusticeForRohith on 1st February 2016. Few photos from the protest.

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[PDF] Writings & Speeches of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar


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Find more Images/Photos/Wallpapers/Articles/Books etc. at Velivada

Source – Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India

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What Mahapran Jogendranath Mandal had Said


“On battlefield sword is Powerful. On the battleground of Philosophy Pen is mighty. On the battlefield of Democracy Vote is almighty. In democracy Rights of every creature is Safeguarded because it is based on Liberty, Equality, Fraternity and Justice. Individual Rights and Duties are democracy in it lays the peaceful progress of Entire Humanity. To survive Democracy voting is essential behind imagination. Pledge from very moment to cast your Vote. I entreat you to cast your Valuable vote to maintain Democracy…Therefore Dr. Babasahab Ambedkar hold the Nation on the point of Pen. Let try to get Social & Economical equality”.

Jogendernath Mandal

Check also – 29th January in Dalit History – Birth anniversary of Jogendranath Mandal

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Rare photo of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar among other dignitaries at India’s first Republic Day parade.


Dr. B. R. Ambedkar among other dignitaries at India’s first Republic Day parade.

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar (sitting in the first row) among other dignitaries at India’s first Republic Day parade.

 

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Ambedkar Dead is More Dangerous than Ambedkar Alive


“It is your claim to equality which hurts them. They want to maintain the status quo. If you continue to accept your lowly status ungrudgingly, continue to remain dirty, filthy, backward, ignorant, poor and disunited, they will allow you to live in peace. The moment you start to raise your level, the conflict starts “.  Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar

“Who are you? Why did you come here? How dare you take a Parsi name? You scoundrel! You have polluted the Parsi inn!” A dozen angry-looking, tall, sturdy Parsis, each armed with a stick, lined up in front of his room and fired a volley of questions.

ambedkarHis five years of staying in Europe and America had completely wiped out of his mind any consciousness that he was an untouchable, and that an untouchable wherever he went in India was a problem to himself and to others. With great difficulty he managed to find accommodation in a Parsi Inn at Baroda. The whole hall was enveloped in complete darkness. There were no electric lights, nor even oil lamps to relieve the darkness.  The idea of returning to the inn to spend the night therein was most terrifying to him, and he used to return to the inn only because he had no other place under the sky to go for rest. But the chirping and flying about of the bats, which had made the hall their home, often distracted his mind and sent cold shivers through him, reminding him of what he was endeavouring to forget, that he was in a strange place under strange conditions. He subdued his grief and anger through the feeling that though it was a dungeon, it was a shelter, and that some shelter was better than no shelter.

Young Bhimrao had gone to Baroda with high hopes. He gave up many offers. He felt that it was his duty was to offer his services first to the Maharaja of Baroda, who had financed his education. And here he was driven to leave Baroda and return to Bombay, after a stay of only eleven days.

In Dr. Ambedkar’s own words, ‘This scene of a dozen Parsis armed with sticks lined up before me in a menacing mood, and myself standing before them with a terrified look imploring for mercy, is a scene which so long a period as eighteen years has not succeeded in fading  away. I can even now vividly recall it and never recall it without tears in my eyes. It was then for the first time that I learnt that a person who is an untouchable to a Hindu is also an untouchable to a Parsi’.

Nothing has changed much after 100 years of this incident in the life of Young Bhimrao Ambedkar, who returned to India after studying Barrister at Law at Gray’s Inn, and enrolling at the London School of Economics where he started work on a doctoral thesis.

100 years later, Rohith Vemula, a bright young Scholar and follower of Dr. Ambedkar, Phule, Shahu and Periyar was thrown out of the hostel from Hyderabad Central University along with four other Ph.D. Scholars. Their crime was- following the constitution in letter and spirit. They simply expressed their right to freedom of expression, religion and other fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution of India. Rohith was labelled as Anti-national, Casteist and Extremist.

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More than 100 forms of Untouchability and Caste Discrimination


According to a study conducted by Sakshi- Human Rights Watch[1], there are above 100 forms of untouchability and discrimination on SC STs is prevailing. These all are the gross violation of human rights and also violation of laws of the land.

Caste system

  1. Segregation of drinking vessels the SC STs are supposed to get their tumblers or bowls to relish the menu at these outlets.
  2.  In some instances Dalits are served in aluminium tumblers contrary to steel tumblers used for dominant caste groups.
  3. In case of common water source Dalits are not allowed to fetch water but dominant castes draw the water for the Dalits and pour into their pots. They have to wait until dominant caste people come and pleased to fetch the water for them.
  4. In certain cases Dalits and dominant castes stand in separate queues at different pulleys of the wells.
  5. Dalits are not supposed to touch the pots of dominant castes.
  6.  Dalits have to fetch water only after dominant castes draw water.
  7.  In most of the villages separate wells and bore-wells persist for Dalits and dominant caste. In case of acute shortage of water dominant castes can fetch water from Dalit water source. But on the contrary if similar situation arise for Dalits, they are denied. In case dominant castes want to fetch water from Dalits’ bore-well they primarily are supposed to clean the bore-well and its surroundings.
  8. In case of natural lakes, ponds and tanks Dalits are supposed to fetch from the downstream where dominant castes do not approach.
  9. Pouring drinking water in to the hands of SC STs instead of giving it in a glass
  10. Dalits are not allowed to enter into their houses and they are compelled to stand far away from the houses of dominant castes. Dalits can only go to certain parts of their houses i.e. the outer extension of the house, outside the threshold but not the interior parts of their houses. In some cases Dalits are allowed but they are asked to clean their feet and hands before they come into their houses. Dalits are sometime allowed to enter to store their agricultural produce at the time of harvest
  11. On occasion of marriage or a function in dominant caste families, Dalits are not invited, in case invited they are supposed to dine after the dominant caste finish their turn. In certain cases Dalits are supposed to get their plates and in certain instances they are told to wash their plates after the dinner.
  12. Some time they are served in towels or they hold their upper garment. In most of the cases Dalits are served at a distant place from the hosted premises.
  13. Segregation in seating – Dalit students have to sit separately that too at backside in the schools, Teachers abuse SC ST children by Caste Name and Not allowed to eat together with non-Dalit students, there will be segregation of Water facilities
  14. Discrimination between Dalit and non-Dalit teachers, Discrimination between Dalit students and non-Dalit teacher, Not admitting children in schools at dalit at SCST villages
  15. Prohibit to wear clean/good clothes come to the vicinity of dominates castes
  16. Dalits are not allowed to sit on public places such as Racchabanda[2], bus stops. Or Dalit allowed to sit but at down level
  17. Dalit have sit separately at some distance from other castes’ people.
  18. Dalit have to stand at these places with folded hands.
  19. Dalits are not allowed to walk with sandals in the vicinity of dominant castes.
  20. Not allowed to use umbrella in dominant caste localities.
  21. Not allowed to ride cycles, rickshaws, in certain cases not allowed going even on bullock carts.
  22. If non-Dalits encounter Dalit women in the way, Dalit women are supposed to walk at a distance.
  23. Dalit women should wear their saree above the knees and cover their head whenever they find non-Dalits walking in the way.
  24. Dalit women are not allowed to wear blouses.
  25. Dalit women are not allowed to wear gold jewellery
  26. Forced drum beating for funerals and festivals/jataras
  27. Forced grave digging and Cremation
  28. Harbingers death news
  29. Chappal Making
  30. Removal of carcass
  31. Animal Sacrifice
  32. Dalits are supposed to sweep the whole village at the time of festivals and jataras.
  33. Manual Scavenging
  34. Standing up in respect before dominant castes and standing with folding hands
  35. Denial of laundry service
  36. Dalits themselves take their clothes to dhobi ghat (place of washing clothes) and wet their clothes at lower level of the stream and wait till the dhobi washes.
  37. Even laundry shop owners deny ironing clothes of Dalits.
  38. They render service but they do not take grain as paid by the other non-dalit communities
  39. Dalits are denied to provide hair cutting services
  40. In some cases if a family member is providing hair cutting services to Dalits the same person is not supposed to provide to non-Dalits.
  41. Hair cutting saloons, a recent phenomenon in villages. If Dalits allowed into the shops but they use separate instruments.
  42. Dalits are allowed into shops, but are denied the service at home as they do to dominant castes.
  43. Person who serves dominant castes is not allowed to serve to the Dalits but another person from same family can provide service to the Dalits.
  44. In certain cases they render service to Dalits in Dalit locality but they purify themselves immediately after coming back to their house.
  45. Tailor does not touch while taking measurements, take measurements from distance.
  46. Darning services are not extended to Dalits as they do for non-Dalits,
  47. When Dalit goes to a tailor he/she should take the measurements at home
  48. Prohibited to touch pot while purchasing and they take whatever the potter gives
  49. Denial of Carpenter Services
  50. Prohibited enter into the shops
  51. Allowed but should not touch any thing
  52. Should stand in separate line not touching non-Dalits
  53. Not allowing to touch items and have to show with a small stick while purchasing
  54. Dalit can sell in the weekly market but they should only sell dry fish and fish.
  55.  Keeping money or items Dalits bought on floor
  56. Dalit should stand outside the shop and exchange takes place by throwing money and item.
  57.  Keeping separate tray for Dalit by which exchange takes place.
  58. In PDS Depots Dalit should stand outside the shop and exchange takes place by throwing money and item.
  59. Should stand carefully without touching the belongings of non-Dalits
  60. At any queue Separate timings for SC STs
  61. Dealer do not touch Dalits while giving provisions
  62. Discrimination at Working in the fields – Standing outside the field until non-Dalits finishes ritual performance in the beginning of agricultural activity.
  63. Entering into the fields only after non-Dalits
  64. Not allowed to take water from wells and pots
  65. Dalits have to bring drinking water to the working place.
  66. Need to keep their lunch boxes separately
  67. Need to sit separately while taking lunch
  68. Should not touch the vessels if the non-Dalit employer provides lunch
  69. Lease rates and conditions differ for Dalit tenants and dominant castes
  70. Discrimination in Payment of wages – No Physical contact, Keeping money on the floor, throwing in to hands
  71. When Dalits invite non-Dalit for some celebrations, they just come but don’t eat the food prepared by the Dalit but hire a man from their community and makes him cook separately for them.
  72. Non-Dalits never attend the functions or any kind of celebrations in the Dalit families but their quota of food should be ordered directly from the shop without getting into physical contact with Dalits.
  73.  Food for Dalits is served in leaves but for non-Dalits in plates.

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14th January in Dalit History – B’day of Babu Mangu Ram Mugowalia


14th January in Dalit History – B’day of Babu Mangu Ram Mugowalia – Founder of Ad-Dharmi Movement

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11th June in Dalit History – Ad Dharm Movement was launched by Babu Mangu ram Mugowalia

14th January

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12th January in Dalit History – Birth anniversary of Jijabai, mother of Shivaji Maharaj


Dilip C Mandal notes –

मां जिजाऊ जन्म जयंती च्या हार्दिक शुभेच्छा. शिवाजी की माता जिजाबाई जयंती की हार्दिक शुभकामनाएं. ब्राह्मणवादी संगठन RSS इस महान व्यक्तित्व का जन्मदिन कभी नहीं मनाता. मैं समझने की कोशिश कर रहा हूं कि ऐसा क्यों है!

Jijabai was a very pious and intelligent woman with great vision and inspired Shivaji Maharaj.

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A statue of Jijabai and young Shivaji

Shivaji_jijamata

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