Tag Archives: Death Anniversary

1st August (1920) in Dalit History – Birth anniversary of Annabhau Sathe


1st August in Dalit History – Birth anniversary of Annabhau Sathe 

Annabhau Sathe was a social reformer, folk poet, and Dalit writer from Maharashtra, India. Despite lacking formal education, Sathe wrote 35 novels in the Marathi. He was follower of Dr. Ambedkar’s teachings and Sathe’s stories were testaments to Dalit self-respect and resistance.

Check also – 

18th July (1969) in Dalit History – Death anniversary of Dalit writer – Annabhau Sathe

1st August (2002) in Dalit History – Government of India issued stamp on Annabhau Sathe

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31st July (1940) in Dalit History – Death anniversary of Shaheed-i-Azam Sardar Udham Singh


31st July (1940) in Dalit History – Death anniversary of Shaheed-i-Azam Sardar Udham Singh

Why don’t governments give importance to Saheed Udham Singh? Is it because he was Dalit? Why does government give so much importance to Bhagat Singh and his colleagues, is it because he was Jat Sikh, who consider themselves as par with upper castes and better than other Sikhs? Rajguru was from Maharashtra and belonged with Deshastha Brahmin community. Sukhdev Thapar was Khatri Sikh again they consider themselves nothing less than kshatriyas! Saheed Udham Singh suffered so much in life but has been ignored by governments.

Check also – Video traces Shaheed Udham Singh’s life

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Check also –  26th December (1899) in Dalit History – Birth Anniversary of Saheed Udham Singh

Udham Singh (26 December 1899 – 31 July 1940) was an Indian revolutionary and a brave hearted man best known for assassinating Michael O’Dwyer on 13 March 1940 in what has been described as an avenging of the Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre.Singh is a prominent figure of the Indian independence struggle. He is sometimes referred to as Shaheed-i-Azam Sardar Udham Singh.

Udham Singh (second from the left) being taken from 10 Caxton Hall after the assassination of Michael O'Dwyer

Udham Singh (second from the left) being taken from 10 Caxton Hall after the assassination of Michael O’Dwyer

On 13 March 1940, Michael O’Dwyer was scheduled to speak at a joint meeting of the East India Association and the Central Asian Society (now Royal Society for Asian Affairs) at Caxton Hall. Singh concealed his revolver in a book, entered the hall, and stood against the wall. As the meeting concluded, Singh shot O’Dwyer twice as he moved towards the speaking platform, killing him immediately.

On 1 April 1940, Singh was formally charged with the murder of Michael O’Dwyer. While awaiting trial in Brixton Prison, Singh went on a 42-day hunger strike and had to be forcibly fed.

When asked about his motivation, Singh explained:

I did it because I had a grudge against him. He deserved it. He was the real culprit. He wanted to crush the spirit of my people, so I have crushed him. For full 21 years, I have been trying to wreak vengeance. I am happy that I have done the job. I am not scared of death. I am dying for my country. I have seen my people starving in India under the British rule. I have protested against this, it was my duty. What a greater honour could be bestowed on me than death for the sake of my motherland?

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Did you know?

Shaheed-i-Azam Sardar Udham Singh had changed his name to Ram Mohammad Singh Azad, symbolizing the equality of all faith and of the three major religions of India: Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism.

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25th July in Dalit History – Death anniversary of Phoolan Devi


25th July (2001) in Dalit History – Death anniversary of Phoolan Devi

विश्व इतिहास की श्रेष्ठ विद्रोही महिलाओं की ग्लोबल लिस्ट बनाते हुए दुनिया की सबसे बडी पत्रिका “टाइम मैगजीन” ने फूलन देवी को चौथे नंबर पर रखा। भारत से वे अकेली ही इस लिस्ट में हैं। इस लिस्ट में जॉन ऑफ आर्क से लेकर आंग सान सूकी तक कुल 17 नाम हैं।

फूलन देवी ने पुरुष और जाति सत्ता से प्रतिशोध का जो तरीका चुना, उसकी वैधानिकता पर बहस हो सकती है। पर वे दुनिया की श्रेष्ठ विद्रोही महिला थीं, इस बात में दुनिया को शक नहीं है। भारत के कुछ लोगों को बेशक शक है। जिन्हें शक है, भारत में विचार निर्माण वही करते हैं, इसलिए भारत में फूलन देवी के महत्व को स्वीकार नहीं किया जाएगा। फूलन देवी के जेल से बाहर आने के बाद मैंने इंडिया टुडे में उनकी रिपोर्ट छापी थी। 1994 की बात होगी।

एक ग़रीब मल्लाह की बेटी की विश्वस्तरीय मान्यता को स्वीकार कर पाना भारत के प्रभु वर्ग के लिए कोई आसान काम नहीं है।

Also read “I, Phoolan Devi – The autobiography of India’s Bandit Queen”

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फूलन देवी के साहस का सम्मान करके अगर सरकार उन्हें भारत रत्न दे देती तो यह देश में बलात्कार की सनातन संस्कृति पर लगाम लगाने की दिशा में एक बडा क़दम होता। इस देश में बलात्कारी अगर किसी एक नाम से डरेगा, तो वह नाम फूलन देवी का ही हो सकता है। फूलन देवी जैसी कोई नहीं।

अमेरिका से लेकर ब्रिटेन में फूलन देवी का सम्मान हो ही रहा है। टाइम मैगजीन से लेकर गार्डियन तक में उनके नाम का डंका बज चुका है।

भारतीय गणराज्य के एक नागरिक की हैसियत से मेरी सरकार से माँग है कि फूलन देवी को भारत रत्न दिया जाए।

बलात्कारियों के मन में डर पैदा करना हो तो बेहतर प्रतीक यानी सिंबल क्या है? नारी उत्पीड़न के प्रतिरोध का चेहरा किसका हो?

निर्भया या फूलन देवी?

आपको एक ग़रीब मल्लाह की विद्रोही बेटी कैसे स्वीकार होगी? अब इससे क्या फर्क पड़ता है कि सारी दुनिया विश्व इतिहास की श्रेष्ठ विद्रोहिणी के तौर पर फूलन को सलाम करता है। दुनिया की सबसे लोकप्रिय ‘टाइम’ मैगजीन की नज़र में फूलन देवी श्रेष्ठ है। लंदन का जो ‘गार्डियन’ अखबार भारत के प्रधानमंत्री के मरने पर पर स्मृति लेख नहीं छापता, उसने फूलन पर स्मृति लेख छापा। वही फूलन, जो भारतीय गणराज्य के तत्कालीन राष्ट्रपति के आर नारायण की नज़र में ‘अन्याय के प्रतिकार का प्रतीक’ है।

लेकिन आप उसे कैसे स्वीकार करेंगे। आपके लिए तो वह मल्लाह है, डकैत है। है कि नहीं?

Written by – Dilip C Mandal on Facebook

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25th July (2001) in Dalit History –

Death anniversary of Phoolan Devi. She did fight against the oppression of upper castes. She was ranked (4th) as one of most rebellious woman in the world by The Times magazine and she was the only one from India in that list.

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Dr. Ambedkar, Congress, BJP and RSS


This article was first posted at Round Table India.

It may be your interest to be our masters, but how can it be ours to be your slaves? – Thucydides

As seen recently on the occasion of Babasaheb Ambedkar Jayanti, everyone from the RSS to the BJP to the Congress seem ready to appropriate and claim Dr. Ambedkar’s legacy, most likely to appease Dalits for votes. RSS is using Dr. Ambedkar’s name to justify their evil agenda such as ‘Ghar Wapsi’ and wrongly claiming that he supported RSS’ ideology. BJP is saying that Dr. Ambedkar was a ‘nationalist’ and using Dr. Ambedkar inappropriately as a shield for their wickedness against Muslims, and Congress on the other hand is claiming that although Dr. Ambedkar had serious differences he was part of the Congress ‘dhara’. They even have plans to hold year-long celebrations in the name of Dr. Ambedkar.

Further, the Congress is demanding that the Modi government should issue gold coins and stamps with Dr. Ambedkar’s imprint on them. But I would like to know how many stamps and gold coins did the Congress issue in the 10 years of its rule? All these parties till now have distorted Dalit history and have created obstacles in the path of Dalits’ progress. It has been the policy of all these parties to hijack national icons who have a mass following in order to get votes. Congress did everything to stop Dr. Ambedkar from entering the parliament in 1952 elections. Go back and read history and you will see that not only the Congress but also the BJP and RSS have done everything to suppress Dalits.

All these parties are always silent whenever Dalit women are raped and murdered. And when foreign journalists cover that news, they kick them out of the country. For example, the Khairlanji news was first covered by a journalist from USA, while the Brahmin media had ignored it for months. Later, these people forced that journalist to leave India. What right do they have to celebrate and claim Dr. Ambedkar’s legacy when they don’t even follow what Dr. Ambedkar stood for?

On one side, the BJP in Maharashtra was successful in getting the sympathy of Dalits for buying Dr. Ambedkar’s home in London but at the same time they don’t seem to care much about Dr. Ambedkar’s home in Dadar which is crumbling. Why wasn’t the Indu mills land allotted to construct Dr. Ambedkar’s memorial? Also, Dr. Ambedkar’s belongings (Dalit heritage) are getting ruined in the Nagpur museum, what has the BJP government done to save that? Nothing.

To top it all, a few weeks back it was the BJP government that demolished Siddharth Vihar in Mumbai, the place where Dalit Panthers was formed.This year, the ruling BJP in its national budget allocated around 60% less than the prescribed Sub-plan norms to the Dalits. They don’t care about the constitution of India, which was written by Dr. Ambedkar but want to celebrate his birthday.

Maybe when Modi is saying ‘Jai Bhim’ today, his Bhim is from Mahabharata. It can’t be Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar as Modi’s actions don’t represent Babasaheb’s ideolgy. Stop misleading Dalits.

RSS is justifying Ghar Wapsi by using Dr Ambedkar’s name – this is not only shameful but outright ridiculous. When Dr. Ambedkar himself had left the Ghar (Hinduism), how can anyone say such a thing? And Dr. Ambedkar would have never approved of your forceful conversion of poor innocent people. Stop insulting Dr. Ambedkar by your evil deeds. I would suggest that the BJP, RSS and Congress should read Dr. Ambedkar’s books, in particular “Riddles in Hinduism” and “Annihilation of Caste”. The Congress shoud especially read “What Congress and Gandhi have done to the Untouchables”. And then ask themselves how can they claim Dr. Ambedkar’s legacy?

Why don’t the RSS, BJP and Congress first annihilate caste and then celebrate Dr. Ambedkar Jayanti?

All of these parties want a piece of Dr. Ambedkar’s legacy for their propaganda. But I want to raise some important issues. Throughout the year, you talk against reservation, which is for equality, you deny us our food, our culture, our history, and by celebrating Dr. Ambedkar Jayanti you think Dalits can be fooled and they will accept your Hindutva propaganda. Forget it, for we’ve been awakened by Babasaheb and we know your motive is to erase what Dr. Ambedkar said and rewrite his thoughts in a manner that suits your propaganda.

 It’s your people who kill, exploit Dalits, grab their lands, make them work in your fields, snatch away any opportunity they have to read and write. You don’t let them enter temples, you don’t let them become priests in temples, you purify Dalit students by sprinkling cow urine, you kill Dalits just because their names match with some of yours, you make Dalits remove their shoes when they have to pass in front of your houses, you consider Dalits’ shadow impure, you eat into Dalit students’ scholarships, you don’t eat food cooked by Dalits, you make Dalit students sit separately in classrooms, you parade Dalit women naked, you don’t deliver post in Dalit colonies, in your homes you have separate utensils for Dalits.

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You advertise on newspapers – Dalits, Muslims need not to apply, in courts you don’t deliver justice to Dalits, you didn’t deliver any justice to Dalits in Bathani Tola, Jehanabad, Melavalavu, Muthanya, Laxmanpur Bathe and Kilvenmani massacres. In movies and T.V. shows you denigrate Dalit characters, you don’t rent your home to Dalits and Muslims, you keep Dalits and Muslims in jails without any crime and then you talk about justice, you do nothing to stop Devdasi system (temple prostitution), you vandalise statues of Dalit icons and then put garlands on their anniversary, you boycott Dalits in villages, you don’t let Dalits hoist flags, you publish job openings with – ‘Dalits need not to apply’.

You killed Dalit icons such as Tukaram and you also attempted to kill Mahatma Jotiba Phule, you threw mud on Savtribai Phule, you created obstacles in her good cause, you opposed Dr. Ambedkar during his lifetime, you abused him, you labelled him as a ‘traitor’, ‘anti-national’, you demolish mosques on his death anniversary, you malign Dr. Ambedkar’s greatness by writing ‘Worshiping false gods’ and then you pretend to worship him. You opposed abolition of untouchability, you still practice untouchability, you still worship 33 crore fake gods, and you denied Dalits separate electorates. You destroy Dalit history every day, you malign Dalit history every day and then you try to benefit from the legacy of Dr. Ambedkar.

Dr. Ambedkar never believed in your 33 crore fake Gods. Dr. Ambedkar fought for the rights of Dalits and Adivasis. But you displaced them, snatched their lands, made them homeless. You use poor innocent Dalits in your fields, you don’t pay their wages, and you exploit them. Where is your love for the Untouchables when all this happens? How can Dr. Ambedkar be one of you when you do all these things? Aren’t you ashamed of yourself when you even say such things? You don’t deserve any part of Dr. Ambedkar’s legacy.

Cartoon by Unnamati Syama Sundar

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19th July (1926) in Dalit History – Death anniversary of Dr. Ambedkar’s youngest son Rajratna


19th July 1926 in Dalit History – Death anniversary of Dr. Ambedkar’s youngest son Rajratna

Those were difficult times for Dr. Ambedkar. He lived in B.I.T Chawls, Mumbai; three floor building each having about 80 one-room tenements and having common baths. Although he was best qualified to fill the position of the Principal of Sydenham College he was not appointed despite of the best efforts of Dr R P Paranjpye, then the Member for Education. He accepted a part time post of a lecturer in the Batliboy’s Accounting Training Institute where he taught Mercantile Law. It was during this time that Ramabai, wife of Dr. Ambedkar, gave birth to a son. He named his son Rajratna whom he loved dearly. Before that his wife gave birth to three sons and a daughter (Indu) all of whom had passed away. However Dr. Ambedkar lost Rajratna too on 19 July 1926. Dr. Ambedkar was very sad & depressed because of the death.

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10 March in Dalit History – Death anniversary of ‘First Lady’ Teacher of India: Savitribai Phule


Savitribai Phule

Read also – Book Review of “A Forgotten Liberator : The Life and Struggle of Savitribai Phule”

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Read also – ‘First Lady’ Teacher of India: Savitribai Phule

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Check also – Few poems by Savitribai Phule

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Read also – Mahatma Jotiba Phule and Savitribai Phule’s contribution towards women empowerment

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