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17-20th July (1942) in Dalit History- All India Scheduled Castes Federation was founded

17-20th July (1942) in Dalit History- All India Scheduled Castes Federation was founded at National Convention of Scheduled Castes at Nagpur.

All India scheduled castes federation (SCF), was a first all India political party exclusively for Scheduled Castes. SCF was founded by Dr. Ambedkar in a national convention of the Scheduled castes held at Nagpur. It was presided by Rao Bahadur N.Shivraj, a renowed Dalit leader from Madras. An executive body of All India SCF was elected in the convention. Rao Bahadur N. Shivraj was elected as President and P.N.Rajbhoj (Bombay) was elected as general secretary. The convention passed the following resolutions;

1)      Cripps proposals were condemned as they failed to consider the interests of the Dalits.

2)      The separate identity of the Dalits be recognized.

3)      Special provision should be made in the budgets of respective provinces for the higher education of the untouchables.

4)      The untouchables should get adequate representation in the central and provincial ministries.

5)      Certain seats should be reserved in the government services

6)      The untouchables should get representation in the legislatures and local self-governments in proportion to their population

7)      Their representatives should be elected by separate electorate.

8)      There should be provision in the constitution for the separate settlements of the Scheduled castes.

9)      They should be given arable uncultivated land for their livelihood.

17th July2


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Daily Words of Buddha for 16th July

Daily Words of Buddha for 16th July –

Ceasing to do evil, cultivating the good, purifying the heart; this is the teaching of the Buddhas. – Buddha


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Daily Words of Buddha for 15th July

Daily Words of Buddha for 15th July – Health is the greatest gift, contentment the greatest wealth, faithfulness the best relationship. – Buddha


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Daily Words of Buddha for 13th July

Daily Words of Buddha for 13th July –


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Daily Words of Buddha for 12th July

Daily Words of Buddha for 12th July –

[Tweet “The mind is everything. What you think, you become. – Buddha”]



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Daily Words of Buddha for 11th July

Daily Words of Buddha for 11th July –


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Daily Words of Buddha for 10th July

Daily Words of Buddha for 10th July –

However many holy words you read, however many you speak, what good will they do you if you do not act on upon them? – Buddha


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9th July (1972) in Dalit History – Dalit Panthers was formed

9th July (1972) in Dalit History –  Dalit Panthers was formed

At the meeting organised on 9th July 1972 by Dalit youths at Siddharth Vihar, Bombay, the Dalit Panther formally came into existence.

Read also – The Dalit Panthers

9th july

Read also – 15th January in Dalit History – Death anniversary of Namdeo Dhasal, a founder of the Dalit Panthers

9th July Encyclopaedia of Dalits in India Movements


Source – Encyclopaedia of Dalits in India: Movements

Read also – Siddharth Vihar is gone. And with it, an important piece of Dalit history

The dominant Maratha caste, in Maharasthra had tightened its grip on important economic centers in rural agriculture – such as land development, banks, marketing federation, sugar factories – in the name of the co-operative movement. The movement was backed by the State.

This changed economic picture brought further misery to the dalits in the villages. The rich farmers and the bureaucracy controlled by them initiated a series of atrocities on the dalits. Untouchable, landless dalit labour fell prey to these atrocities. So did the worker in the dalit moevemnt, who raised his voice against them.

In cities and towns, the numbers of unemployed youth were increasing in droves aw a result of the capitalist system./ With the spread of education in the rural areas, there began to develop a class of educated dalit youth, who had hitherto been kept away from the local economic and political system. Their association with workers of the leftist movements in rural areas gave them the ability to understand the entire system.

In Bombay, Baburao Bagul and is young Dalit writer friends Daya Pawar, Arjun Dangle, Namdeo Dhasal, J.V. Pawar, Umakant Randhir, Ramdas Sorte and Prahlad Chendwankar met and had discussions for hours. The young generation was influenced by Baburao Bagul who had personally participated in the movement of dalit laboureres and who expressed himself clearly and logically.

The inaction of all factions of the Republican Party against the social injustice was conspicuous. Except for support by one or two from the party, the other leftist parties were indifferent.

Dalit writers began to realize more and ore that there was no point in merely writing provocative poetry against the injustice They had become familiar with the Black movement and literature in the U.S.A. and were greatly attracted to it.

The result was that youths Namdeo Dhasal, Arjun Dangle and J.V. Pawar took the initative and established the Dalit Panterhs in Bombay (presently Mumbai). The Dalit Panter movement was formed under the leadership of Raja Dhale as president, Namdev Dhasal as defense minister and J V Pawar as its general secretary. The Panthers observed Independence Day that year, which incidentally was the silver jubilee of Independence, as Black day and black-flag demonstrations were held at various places in Bombay. To protect their fellow dalits from violence and atrocities, they were prepared, if necessary to adopt violent strategies. Thus they chose to directly confront the oppressors.

The Dalit Panthers, embellishing the concept of dalits emancipation in their manifesto emphasized that a complete revolution was needed. ‘We do not want a little place in the brahmin alley. We want the rule of the whole land, we are not looking at persons but at systems and change of heart, liberal education etc, will not end out state of exploitation. When we gather a revolutionary mass, rouse the people out of the struggle, the giant mass will become tidal wave’ The Dalit Panthers recognized the contribution of Mahatma Jyotiba Phule and Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.

The dalits of Maharashtra got acquainted with the Panthers and the discontent of several years began to explode.

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