Category Archives: Reservation

Anti-Reservation remarks by Chairman of Motilal Oswal Group. File a complaint under SC/ST Act


Mr. Motilal Oswal, chairman of Motilal Oswal Group made anti-reservation remarks on twitter. Someone please file a case against Mr Motilal Oswal under SC/ST act for this tweet. Let him have a taste his ‘talent’. So called upper castes like him can become chairman of any company because of their caste not because of ‘talent’. Following tweet was posted by Motilal Oswal, chairman of Motilal Oswal Group, and was later deleted by him.

12936525_990239784385463_8479596338097832107_nMr Motilal Oswal, representation is a constitutional right and don’t compare it with begging of brahmins who are living on begging since ages. 

Mr Motilal Oswal has written in his description at Twitter – “proud of our values and culture”, “loves to spread positivity & happiness in a negative &cynical world” and here is the example of all that. Is this the company’s proud culture where SC/ST/OBC communities are defamed? Further he has written in his description, “Hungry for knowledge” and I would suggest him to read the history of your forefathers and the history of representation in India. Also, read some good books written by some good authors not by “chaddiwalas”!

Mr Motilal Oswal for your clarification, the bridge was being built by IVRCL, which is a private company owned by Reddy brothers, means upper castes company and there is no reservation in private sector as you may know very well. So, doesn’t bridge falling show upper castes merit? And this is not the first time this upper castes company IVRCL’s construction has failed, earlier in Jharkhand also their construction had failed. So, how much talent and merit upper caste companies want to show?? Further, Mr Motilal Oswal, whole India saw your talent (of fooling people) also when company was involvement in a series of IPO irregularities in 2003-05.

Earlier, Havells Fans had shown its castiest nature and now Motilal Oswal Group. We should boycott these companies and their products and services. What is the Merit of those upper caste Brahmins who dupe our Banks worth thousands of Crores & then flee the country? Mr Motilal Oswal should be booked under SC/ST act and should be punished for hatred towards Dalits and minority communities.

Update –

Mr Motilal Oswal deleted the tweet and posted the following message. It’s too late for the Motilal Oswal Group to hide its casteist nature and casteist mindset. We must go forward and file case against him so that no one else tries to defame Dalits & other communities availing constitution rights.

motilal

All this shows the casteist mindset of private companies in India. Even if I accept that it was “forwarded sms”, does it mean he didn’t read it before forwarding? He opened twitter and pasted that “forwarded sms” but didn’t read it? Whom you are trying to fool Mr. Motilal Oswal?

How can anyone trust such a chairman of financial company who doesn’t read before forwarding the information? Wonder how Motilal Oswal Group has survived till now, oh am I forgetting “Vyapam Merit” of upper castes? Motilal Oswal Group is an investment management group and such are the chairman who don’t read information before sharing it. I would suggest investors to back out from Motilal Oswal Group or be ready to lose money in the hands of such “Vyapam Meritwalas” upper castes!

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Filed under Caste Discrimination, Casteism, Dalit, Dr B R Ambedkar, Reservation

Research Shows Caste Discrimination in Indian Private Sector


Discrimination on the basis of caste endures in the formal labor market of contemporary India, according to Paul Attewell of the City University of New York Graduate Center and Katherine S. Newman of the Johns Hopkins University Department of Sociology.

Check also – Caste Discrimination in Jobs at Private Sector. What is the caste of your company?

Speaking at the Institute this month, Attewell and Newman outlined three of four discrimination studies collaboratively undertaken by Princeton University and the Indian Institute of Dalit Studies: a field experiment based in employer-employee correspondence, a study focusing on employer attitudes toward caste, and a prospective cohort study of lower-caste university graduates in elite institutions.

Read also – Caste Discrimination in Public Distribution System (PDS)

The origin of the overarching project, Attewell said, lies in the recent debate in Indian English-language press over extending the reservation system currently operating in India into the country’s private sector. The Indian reservation system allots a percentage of public sector jobs and places in higher educational institutions to minority applicants, including those of religious minorities and Dalits, a group traditionally regarded to be of low caste. Representatives of the private sector expressed overwhelming opposition to the possibility of extending reservation, citing an ostensible lack of evidence of discrimination against Dalits in the modern private sector, Attewell said.

Check also – Caste Discrimination at UGC

In order to correct the “dearth of research [speaking] to these issues,” the project employed a series of empirical techniques developed by social scientists in the US to investigate “enduring discrimination against African Americans,” Attewell said. The studies aimed to determine whether modern inequalities are “based on caste or community leftovers from the past,” whether these inequalities are “reflections of low education or working in an economically ‘backward’ sector,” and whether discrimination continues to take place “even in the most modern, dynamic sectors of the Indian economy.”

Read also – What is the caste of your food?

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The field experiment focused on the correspondence between job applicants and prospective employers in the modern private sector, including both Indian and multinational corporations. Only first-stage discrimination was taken into account: whether or not applicants received an interview invitation.

Report Caste Discrimination – Facing Caste Discrimination at an Education Institution? Now, report online at www.castediscrimination.com

Researchers submitted multiple sets of fabricated resumes by mail in response to job advertisements aimed at recent university graduates. All fictitious candidates shared strong credentials and differed only in names, which were “recognizably affiliated by caste or religion,” Attewell said. Three groups of candidates were set up: those with names associated with a high caste, those with typically Dalit names, and those with typically Muslim names.

Check also – Caste at College

Researchers found a clear statistical pattern, according to Attewell. Applicants with names associated with a low-caste background faced odds of a positive outcome only 0.67 as large as those for an application with a typically high-caste name. Muslim applicants were at an even greater disadvantage, with odds of a positive outcome only 0.33 as large as those for a high-caste name applicant. These findings clearly imply that discrimination against applicants based on name association occurs even in the very first stage of the job search. “Social exclusion is not a residue of the past; it is alive and well even in modern, high-tech India,” Attewell said.

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Caste Discrimination in Jobs at Private Sector. What is the caste of your company?


For those who say there is no caste discrimination in private job market.

Book “Blocked by Caste: Economic Discrimination and Social Exclusion in Modern India” published in 2010 reports an experiment – 

Thorat and Attewell ran an experiment to test caste discrimination in the urban labour market. For one year, researchers collected advertisements from leading English language newspapers for jobs in the private sector that required a university degree but no specialised skills. The researchers then submitted three false applications for each job. The applicants, all male, had the same or similar education qualification and experience. One of them had a recognisable upper caste Hindu name, another a Muslim name and the third a distinctly Dalit name. The expected outcome was a call for interview or further screening.

An analysis of the outcomes, using regression methods, showed that, although there were an equal number of false applicants from three social groups, for every 10 upper caste Hindu applicants selected for interview, only six Dalits and three Muslims were chosen. Thus, in modern private enterprises (including IT), applicants with a typical Muslim or Dalit name had a lower chance of success than those with the same qualification and an upper caste Hindu name.

For more detail read book named – BLOCKED BY CASTE, ECONOMIC DISCRIMINATION IN MODERN INDIA: Edited by Sukhadeo Thorat, Katherine S. Newman; Oxford University Press

On companies

Here is what Dr. Ambedkar noted almost a century ago, nothing has changed since then.

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Reservations: For whom and for what?


Written by Nijam Gara

The brewing Kapu agitation today and the recent Hardik Patel led agitation for BC (Backward Class) status for Patidars (Patels) in Gujarat has reignited passions and stirred up debates about reservations again. The word “reservation” is a very charged term and evokes strong emotions in the country. It typically refers to constitutionally guaranteed protections and preferential treatment given to historically oppressed sections of the society – dalits (Scheduled castes i.e. SCs), tribals (STs) and ‘BCs’. The idea of such reservations is to help create a modicum of equal opportunity in the overwhelmingly unequal Indian society. Anybody with a rational, historical understanding of Hindu caste system should recognize that the classes that enjoy the true ‘reservations’ are not the SCs, STs and BCs but the upper castes and the well-to-do Sudhras with thousands of years of ‘reserved’ access to land, wealth and exclusive control of every aspect of economy and Hindu society. Those hereditary rights guaranteed by Manuvadi system have assured their continued hegemony in to the 21st century.

The History of Reservation

The History of Reservation

The concepts of government, jobs and inclusivity in British India led to the idea of bringing the hitherto ignored sections in to the ‘mainstream’. Reservations to oppressed castes were subsequently first introduced in British India in the background of movements organized by Jyothirao Phule, Periyar, etc. and also espoused strongly in princely states such as Travancore and Kolhapur (Shahu Maharaja, the real Chatrapathi). The year 1933 marked a flashpoint in the history of caste-based reservations when the British government introduced the Communal Award with separate electorates for Muslims, Christians, Sikhs and more importantly, Dalits. Ambedkar supported this but the ‘father’ of the nation (Gandhi) vociferously opposed it. Eventually, Ambedkar had to concede to Gandhi’s blackmail and Dalits remained under the Hindu fold albeit with reserved seats within. Following the adoption of the constitution in post-independent India, reservations to SCs, STs were formalized. OBC reservations were haphazardly implemented later on. The 1953 Kalelkar Commission and the 1980 Mandal Commission reports came up with the suggestion of 70% and 52% reservations for OBCs respectively but the ultimate number was set at 27% in 1992 following a court verdict a few years after the nation witnessed bloody street violence with anti-reservation sentiments touching a chord with the upper caste youth. Even this 27% reservation is not rightfully implemented in several sectors with a report in 2010 showing that only 7% of civil service positions in the country were filled with OBCs. Reservations are certainly a great tool of affirmative action that have helped scores of dalit, tribal and BC families leap out of poverty. However, for every educated dalit, tribal or OBC, there appear to be a million others who don’t even make the cut to qualify for these reservations. Thus, reservations are only one mode of support and rather an imperfect means to the end goal i.e. decimation of caste structure. True social reform is only feasible with a much deeper cleansing of the Hindu society which appears almost impossible today. How many centuries of reservations can counteract the economic power that is concentrated in the upper castes today across India? How many dalit entrepreneurs will it take to match the clout enjoyed by Kamma industrialists, reddy landlords, etc, etc? Why is a Rahul Gandhi or a Brahminized Narendra Modi (does it really matter if he is theoretically a BC?) a readily acceptable PM candidate but not a Mayawathi or Lalu Yadav?

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Al Jazeera show on ‘Reservation’


Watch the Al Jazeera show on ‘Reservation’ where one of the community member, Jayant Ramteke rocked!

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Basis and Significance of Reservation


In the recent debates on reservation some people have suggested that let us now give reservation to so-called upper castes according to percentage of their population. I do not agree with this argument. I think those who are mooting this idea are doing in frustration or out of their ignorance about the logic and basis of reservation. By even mooting this idea we dilute the principles of reservation and spread the idea that reservation can be granted to anyone. One should not forget and misunderstand the logic of reservation. There are very significant, fundamental and structural principles on the basis of which this reservation was conceded to SC, STs and to some OBCs after intense debates in the constituent assembly and centuries of movements by SCs, STs, and OBCs. Few of them were:

  1. They have faced thousands of years of exclusion and discrimination and were not accepted as even human beings.

  2. This exclusion and discrimination of thousands of years was cumulative in nature, that is, it was not in one aspect of life but it was in most of the spheres, for instance in social, economic, political, educational, religious, residential, occupational, etc.

  3. The founding fathers of the Indian nation thought that even after these people were accorded human rights enshrined in the democratic constitution of India and there will be penal provisions according to Indian Penal Code one will not be able to obliterate this exclusion and discrimination against these people and there should be some special provisions for them in the realm of Politics, Bureaucracy, and Education.

  4. There is an element of social justice in the reservation of SCs, STs, and OBCs. It involves historical corrective of injustices done to SCs and STS.

  5. There was no time limit fixed for reservation for SC and STs in Bureaucratic Jobs and in Educational Institutions. Only political reservation under article 330 and 332 of Indian Constitution, which reserves seats in Lok Sabha and in Vidhan Sabhas of different States were for 10 years. However, these reservations have been given new life with different amendments.

  6. The most important point is ‘Reservation for SCs and STs’ is directly connected with the issue of representation. It was because they did not have any representation in any sphere of life, that is, in social, economic, political, educational, etc. sphere for thousands of years and therefore they were supposed to get representation in these Institutions.

  7. Therefore, reservation is not poverty alleviation programme. The founding fathers of nation did not think to remove poverty of scheduled caste persons through reservations. In fact there are so many poverty alleviation programmes begin run in India. One such programme is MNREGA, the other is Prime Minister’s Rojgar Yojna etc. They always thought to grant SCs and STs Self-representation through reservation.

In the light of the above we cannot concede reservation to Upper Castes. Second we cannot concede reservations on economic basis.

By – Prof. Vivek Kumar, JNU

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Daily Words of the Buddha



Daily Words of the Buddha 

Yathāpi pabbato selo,
acalo suppatiṭṭhito,
evaṃ mohakkhayā bhikkhu,
pabbatova na vedhatī.
Listen: http://host.pariyatti.org/dwob/udana_3_24.mp3

Just as a mountain of rock,
is unwavering, well-settled,
so the monk whose delusion is ended,
like a mountain, is undisturbed.

Udāna 3.24
http://tipitaka.org/romn/cscd/s0503m.mul2.xml#para24
Translated from the Pali by Thanissaro Bhikkhu

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Daily Words of the Buddha




Daily Words of the Buddha 

Attā hi attano nātho,
attā hi attano gati.
Tasmā saṃyamamattānaṃ
assaṃ bhadraṃva vāṇijo.
Listen: http://host.pariyatti.org/dwob/dhammapada_25_380.mp3

You are your own master,
you make your future.
Therefore discipline yourself
as a horse-dealer trains a thoroughbred.

Dhammapada 25.380
http://tipitaka.org/romn/cscd/s0502m.mul24.xml#para380

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