Category Archives: Equal Rights

कांशीराम: राजनीति का बेमिसाल रसायनशास्त्री


भारतीय राजनीति में ऐसा पहले कभी नहीं हुआ. और दूसरी बार ऐसा कब होगा, यह सवाल भविष्य के गर्भ में है. लगभग 50 साल की उम्र में एक व्यक्ति, वर्ष 1984 में एक पार्टी का गठन करता है. और देखते ही देखते देश के सबसे बड़े राज्य उत्तर प्रदेश, जहां से लोकसभा की 85 सीटें थीं, में इस पार्टी की मुख्यमंत्री शपथ लेती है. यह पार्टी पहले राष्ट्रीय पार्टी और फिर वोट प्रतिशत के हिसाब से देश की तीसरी सबसे बड़ी पार्टी बन जाती है. और जिस व्यक्ति ने इस पार्टी का गठन किया, वह बेहद साधारण परिवार से संबंधित था. उस समुदाय से, जिसे पढ़ने-लिखने का हक नहीं था और जिन्हें छूने की शास्त्रों में मनाही है. यह चमत्कार कितना बड़ा है, इसे समझने के लिए बीजेपी (जनसंघ) और कांग्रेस जैसी मुकाबले की दूसरी पार्टियों को देखें, जिनकी लंबी-चौड़ी विरासत है और जिन्हें समाज के समृद्ध और समर्थ लोगों का साथ मिला.

सरकारी कर्मचारी पद से इस्तीफा दे चुके इस व्यक्ति के पास संसाधन के नाम पर कुछ भी नहीं था. न कोई कॉर्पोरेट समर्थन, न कोई और ताकत, न मीडिया, न कोई मजबूत विरासत. सिर्फ विचारों की ताकत, संगठन क्षमता और विचारों को वास्तविकता में बदलने की जिद के दम पर इस व्यक्ति ने दो दशक से भी ज्यादा समय तक भारतीय राजनीति को कई बार निर्णायक रूप से प्रभावित किया. दुनिया उन्हें कांशीराम के नाम से जानती है. समर्थक उन्हें मान्यवर नाम से पुकारते थे.

Kanshi Ram Ji

कांशीराम ने जब अपनी सामाजिक-राजनीतिक यात्रा शुरू की, तो उनके पास पूंजी के तौर पर सिर्फ एक विचार था. यह विचार भारत को सही मायने में सामाजिक लोकतंत्र बनाने का विचार था, जिसमें अधिकतम लोगों की राजकाज में अधिकतम भागीदारी का सपना सन्निहित था. कांशीराम अपने भाषणों में लगातार बताते थे कि वे मुख्य रूप से संविधान ड्राफ्टिंग कमेटी के चेयरमैन बाबा साहब भीमराव आंबेडकर और उनके साथ क्रांतिकारी विचारक ज्योतिराव फुले के विचारों से प्रभावित रहे. 1980 में लखनऊ में एक सभा में उन्होंने कहा था कि “अगर इस देश में फुले पैदा न होते, तो बाबा साहब को अपना कार्य आरंभ करने में बहुत कठिनाई होती.” कांशीराम ने बहुजन का विचार भी फुले की ‘शुद्रादिअतिशूद्र’ (ओबीसी और एससी) की अवधारणा का विस्तार करके ही हासिल किया. कांशीराम के बहुजन का अर्थ देश की तमाम वंचित जातियां और अल्पसंख्यक हैं, जिनका आबादी में 85% का हिस्सा है. कांशीराम मानते थे देश की इस विशाल आबादी को राजकाज अपने हाथ में लेना चाहिए. इसे वे सामाजिक लोकतंत्र की स्थापना और देश के विकास के लिए अनिवार्य मानते थे. इसके लिए वे सामाजिक वंचितों के आर्थिक सबलीकरण के भी प्रबल पक्षधर रहे.

इस विचार को मूर्त रूप देने के लिए कांशीराम ने अपना ध्यान सबसे पहले इन जातियों के सरकारी कर्मचारियों पर केंद्रित किया. वे मानते थे कि ये लोग राजनीतिक गतिविधियों में बेशक हिस्सा नहीं ले सकते. लेकिन बुद्धिजीवी होने के कारण, समाज को बौद्धिक नेतृत्व और आर्थिक संबल देने में यह तबका सक्षम है. आजादी के बाद से आरक्षण लागू होने के कारण उस समय तक मोटे अनुमान के मुताबिक इन जातियों के 20 लाख से ज्यादा सरकारी कर्मचारी थी. कांशीराम ने 1978 में सरकारी कर्मचारियों का संगठन बामसेफ यानी बैकवर्ड (एससी/एसटी/ओबीसी) एंड मायनॉरिटी कम्युनिटीज इंप्लाइज फेडरेशन का गठन किया और देखते ही देखते लाखों लोग इससे जुड़ गए. कांशीराम ने कर्मचारियों को ‘पे बैक टू सोसायटी’ की अवधारणा से अवगत कराया. इसकी वजह से उन्हें हजारों समर्पित कार्यकर्ता मिले और संगठन चलाने के लिए धन भी.

बामसेफ ने 1980 में एक महत्वपूर्ण कार्यक्रम के तहत 9 राज्यों के 34 स्थानों पर चलता-फिरता आंबेडकर मेला सफलतापूर्व आयोजित कर स्थापित कर दिया कि कांशीराम जो सपना देख रहे हैं, उसे आगे बढ़ाने का रास्ता खुल चुका है. इसके बाद पहले राजनीतिक संगठन के रूप में कांशीराम 1981 में डीएस-4 यानी दलित शोषित समाज संघर्ष समिति का गठन करते हैं और 1984 में बीएसपी यानी बहुजन समाज पार्टी की स्थापना होती है. कांशीराम के सबसे महत्वपूर्ण राजनीतिक अभियानों में उनकी 3000 किलोमीटर की साइकिल यात्रा उल्लेखनीय है, जिस दौरान वे हजारों लोगों से सीधे मिले और लाखों लोगों तक अपनी बात पहुंचाई. इसके बाद कांशीराम के 2004 में सेहत खराब होने तक तक बीएसपी जो राजनीतिक सफर तय करती है, वह समकालीन इतिहास का महत्वपूर्ण अध्याय है.

बाबासाहब की तरह कांशीराम भी बौद्ध धर्म स्वीकार करना चाहते थे. इसके लिए उन्होंने 2006 में अक्टूबर महीने की तारीख भी तय कर ली थी. लेकिन इससे पहले उनका स्वास्थ्य लगातार बिगड़ता चला गया और 9 अक्टूबर, 2006 को उनका निधन हो गया. उनका शवदाह बौद्ध विधि से दिल्ली में हुआ.

कांशीराम की राजनीतिक विरासत पर विचार करते हुए इस बात का ध्यान रखा जाना चाहिए कि वे भारतीय राजनीति के पहले शख्स हैं, जिन्होंने दलितों को शासक बनने का न सिर्फ सपना दिखाय़ा, बल्कि उसे साकार करने का रास्ता भी बताया. राजनीतिक उद्देश्यों के लिए साधन की पवित्रता के हिमायती वे कभी नहीं रहे. राजनीतिक समझौतों की सवारी करते हुए अपनी विचारधारा की राजनीति को लगातार नई ऊंचाइयों तक ले जाते रहे. उन्होंने पवित्रतावाद की जगह, अवसर को सिद्धांत में तब्दील कर दिया. बीएसपी की सफलता का अंदाजा इसी बात से लगाया जा सकता है कि एक समय में देश का हर सोलहवां वोटर इस पार्टी के हाथी निशान पर बटन दबा रहा था. अपनी राजनीति को कामयाबी तक पहुंचाने की दिशा में कांशीराम को मिली सफलताओ ने उनके व्यक्तित्व को वह चमक दी, जिसकी कोई भी राजनेता सिर्फ कामना ही कर सकता है.

– दिलीप मंडल

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What Birsa Munda Said


Birsa Munda

Birsa Munda

Birsa says, give up drinking rice-beer and liquor.
For this reason our land drifts away.
Drunkenness and sleep are no good.
The enemies laugh at us.
The beer distilled from fermented rice stinks.
A person’s body and spirit too decay likewise.

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Why Brahmins Hate Reservation? – By Periyar E. V. Ramasami


Communal representation is the accredited right of every nation and its government. It is the common right of all citizens belonging to every community. The main motive of the principle of communal representation is to eradicate the unequal status amongst the citizens. Communal representation is a ‘boon’ to create a society of equals. When there are communities which are forward and progressive; hampering the well being of all the other communities; there is no other go but to resort to the system of communal representation. It is by this way the suffering communities could begin to heave a sigh of relief. The need for the prolongation of the system of communal representation will automatically cease and it will be found absolutely unnecessary to continue the policy any longer, when all the communities are made as equals.

Read also – Why wearing Thaali (Mangalsutra) is disgraceful – By Periyar E. V. Ramasami

Excepting the Bráhmin community all other communities started to demand for communal representation soon after the talk of representation of Indians in governance began. For a long time, except the Brahmin community all other communities carried on agitation urging the government to implement the policy of communal representation.

Jinnah, Periyar and Ambedkar

Jinnah, Periyar and Dr. Ambedkar

The Brahmins, particularly the Brahmins of Tamil Nadu stooped to many ways to put hurdles and create obstacles against the implementation of the policy of communal representation. They pursued trickish methods and conspired many times against the communal representation policy which was a boon to all downtrodden communities.

Read also – Periyar linked caste to religion

One could understand the Brahmins opposing the communal representation policy, if at all they had openly come forward to list out the evils of uplifting the down trodden people. All those who oppose simply said ‘no’, and no one explained why? So far no one has clearly listed out the reasons for opposing the policy of reservation. What is wrong in making all people as equals? What is wrong in giving equal opportunities for all? If there is nothing wrong in creating a socialist society, and if it is undeniable that the present society composed of unequal should be made progressive; what else can be done without creating reservations based on population through the communal representation policy. Could it be denied that there are weaker section in the society?

Read alsoPeriyar was sentenced to undergo imprisonment for the publication of his book ‘Ponmozhigal’ (Golden sayings)

Moreover, when we have allowed the classification of the society based on religion, caste and community; we cannot stand in the way of the people demanding special rights, based on religion, caste, and community. There is nothing wrong on their part or of any community in safeguarding their interests. I don’t see anything dishonest in that.

The casteism made the people go backward. Castes spell more and more ruination. Castes have made us low and have-nots. Till all these evils are eradicated and everyone attains an equal status in life, the proportional representation policy based ‘on population is indispensable. Many communities have entered the field of education only recently. All should be enabled to read and attain a civilised stage. Our people should take to education and read well. Our people should get their due share in the public services and in all other fields according to their percentage in the total population.

In this country out of 100 people only three are brahmins. Sixteen percent of the population are Adi-dravidas. 72 perent of the population are non brahmins. Should not the jobs be given to all in proportion to the population?

(Source : Collected works of Periyar E.V.R. Pg. 165-166)

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Dr. Ambedkar’s Historical Speech at Agra


Historical Speech by Dr. Ambedkar at Agra
Agra city has been a staunch center of Ambedkarite Movement from good old days. Dr. Ambedkar paid a last visit of his life to Agra city on 18th March 1956. During this visit, he addressed a huge public meeting, in which he said, ‘Educated People have Deceived Me’. inspired and motivated by the sense of responsibility, by taking a message in general and educated class in particular. BAMCEF has decided to launch a “Dr. Ambedkar Centenary Abhiyan” in this year of birth centenary. Under this program a chain of symposia will be conducted on the topic connected with this statement. The nation wide program will commence on 18th March 1990 from Agra itself, where Dr. Ambedkar, made this statement. We are publishing here the English translation of that historical speech of Dr. Ambedkar. The original Hindi text of the speech was made available to us by Mr. Daya Shankar of Agra.
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TO MASSES

“For the past 30 years, I’m struggling to secure political rights for you people. I have got for you reserved seats in parliament and in state assemblies. I have got for you proper provision for education of you children. Today, we can progress. It is now your duty to continue the struggle unitedly for removal of educational, economic and social inequality. For this purpose, you will have to be prepared for all sorts of sacrifices and even to shed your blood”.

TO LEADERS

“If someone invites you in his place, you may go willingly. But you must not go there by putting your own hut on fire. If that king quarrels with you some day and drive you out of his place, where will you go? If you want to sell out yourselves you may do so nut not at the cost of destroying your organization. I do not have any dangers from others, but I feel danger from our own people.”

TO LANDLESS LABORERS

“I’m more worried for the landless laborers of the villages. I could not do much for them. I cannot bear their sufferings and plights. The main reasons for their sufferings is that they do not have land. Therefore they are victims of Humiliations and struggle for it. If government puts any hurdle in it I will lead these people and will also give a legal battle for them, but I shall try to secure land for the landless”

TO HIS FOLLOWERS

Very soon, I will embrace the religion of lord Buddha. It is a progressive religion. It is based on equality, liberty and fraternity. I could search this religion through efforts of many years. Now I will become Buddhist very soon. Then as an untouchable I will not be able to live with you. But as a real Buddhist I will continue to struggle for your welfare. I will not tell you to become Buddhist with me. I do not want Bund Flowers. Only those who desire to take refuge in this great religion may embrace Buddhism, so that they remain in this religion with firm convictions and observer its code of conduct.

TO BUDDHIST MONK

“Buddhism is a great religion. The founder of this religion Tathagat Buddha has propagated this religion and due to its good aspects it could reach every nook and corner of India. After its great fame, this religion become extinct in 1213 AD. There are many reasons for this. One of the reason is also that the Buddhist Monks became addicted to living luxurious and restful life. Instead of moving, they started taking rest in Vihars and indulging in writing books in praise. Now for re-establishing this religion, they will have to work hard. They will have t move door to door. We have very few monks in the society. Therefore, the common good people should also propagate the religion and perform its rights.”

TO GOVT. EMPLOYEES 

“There is some progress in education in our society. By acquiring education some people have reached to the higher positions. But these educated people have deceived me. i was hoping from them that after acquiring high education they would serve the society. But what I am seeing is that a crowd of small and big clerks has gather around, who is busy in filling their belly. Those who are employed in government services. It is their duty that they should contribute willingly 20th part of their salary to the cause. Then only one family will improve. The boy who is educating in a village the entire society has expectation from him. One educated social worker can prove a boon for them.”

TO STUDENTS AND YOUTHS

My appeal to the students is that after acquiring education, instead of doing some clerical job, he should serve his village or locality people, by which, exploitation and injustice arising out of ignorance can be stopped. your emancipation lies in the emancipation of the society.Today my position is like a big pole. Supporting a hung tent. I am worried about when this pole will not be there. I am not keeping good health. I do not know, when I will go away from you. i am not finding any young man, who will protect the interest of these crores of helpless and hopeless people. When I think that tough I am so highly educated, a Brahmin who is cleaning utensils in kitchen considers me untouchable, what will happen to the crores of my brethren? I feel that if some young men come forward, I will happily go away.In the last, I would like o tell you “Educate yourself, then Organise and be optimistic and then struggle for your rights. Only in this lies your emancipation and welfare.”

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Why wearing Thaali (Mangalsutra) is disgraceful


“The ritual of tying a “thaali” (or mangalsutra) around the woman’s neck at the marriage ceremony and considering her to be his slave is similar to buying a buffalo, tying a cord around its neck and dragging it home.

thali

It is considered that the practice of tying a “thaali” (or mangalsutra) around a women’s neck is to provide the identity of marital status, to establish the right as someone’s wife and to prevent other men from falling in love with that woman.

If that is so, is it not essential for men also to wear a sign that identifies their marital status and prevents other women from falling in love with them?”

- Periyar, rationalist and social activist described by United Nations as the father of social reform movement and Prophet of New Age.

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23rd March in Dalit History – 10 Dalits were killed in Haibaspur by Ranvir Sena (militant hindu organisation)


Ranvir Sena (militant hindu organisation) killed 10 Dalits in Haibaspur on the 23 March 1997. They wrote the name of the organisation in blood on the village well before they left. Most of the people Ranvir Sena killed that night belonged to families allegedly supporting Party Unity, a communist group.

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Also Read –  25th January in Dalit History – 23 Dalits were massacred in Jehanabad (Bihar)

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21st March in Dalit History


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Check also – 20th March in Dalit History – Mahad Satyagraha

 

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1st Global Conference on Defending Dalit Rights at Washington, DC (USA)


Dalit Global Conference on Defending Dalit Rights – March 19-21, 2015 – Trinity Washington University in NE Washington, DC (USA).  Several notable activists and thought leaders in the realm of human rights, including Congresswoman Eleanor Holmes Norton and Dr. Cornel West, are declaring solidarity with Dalits, and helping bring greater attention to their plight by participating with the conference and call-to-action event planned for Saturday, March 21 at 12noon in front of the White House.

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PRESS RELEASE: http://www.prweb.com/releases/2015/03/prweb12560019.htm

REGISTER HERE: http://bit.ly/1yfIdad

DONATE HERE: http://www.gofundme.com/DalitGlobalConfere

Presented by International Commission for Dalit Rights and Global Conference Organizing Committee

http://www.ICDRINTL.org/

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Few posters against beef ban


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Read also – Brahmins and Beef Eating – What Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Said

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10 March in Dalit History – Death anniversary of ‘First Lady’ Teacher of India: Savitribai Phule


Savitribai Phule

Read also – Book Review of “A Forgotten Liberator : The Life and Struggle of Savitribai Phule”

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Read also – ‘First Lady’ Teacher of India: Savitribai Phule

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Check also – Few poems by Savitribai Phule

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Read also – Mahatma Jotiba Phule and Savitribai Phule’s contribution towards women empowerment

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