Author Archives: Pardeep

About Pardeep

My aim is to bring equality in this world.

22nd May in Dalit History – Birth anniversary of Bhagya Reddy Varma (Madari Bhagaiah)


Remember Bhagya Reddy Varma (May 22, 1888 – July 2, 1950) the “Father of Dalit Movement in Andhra Pradesh” on his birth anniversary. His original name was Madari Bhagaiah and he was founder of Adi Hindu Movement in Andhra Pradesh. Bhagya Reddy Varma was born in a Dalit, Mala caste family in the princely Hyderabad State to Madari Venkaiah.

Bhagya Reddy Varma

Bhagya Reddy Varma

Bhagya Reddy Varma founded around 26 schools in around Hyderabad region for Dalits. He established Dalit panchayat courts to settle disputes among dalits. He chaired All India conference of Schedules castes held at Lucknow on 27, 28 December 1930, to support send delegation to Round Table conference. Babasaheb Ambedkar was present in this meeting.

In 1906, he started Jagan Mitra Mandali to educate Dalits through popular folklore. Mandali worked on the social consciousness among untouchables. Later in 1911, he founded Manya Sangham, which tried to create awareness among untouchables through literature and lectures.

Bhagya Reddy Varma had launched a movement against devadasi system, forcing the Nizam to declare it a crime.

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20th May in Dalit History – Birth Anniversary of Iyothee Thass – Great Social reformer and Buddhist Scholar


Lest We forget – Iyothee Thass (1845 – 1914)

Introduction

Iyothee Thass was an intellectual and social critic of 19 – 20 century Tamilnadu. In the primordial collective consciousness of the Dravidians he sensed the Buddhist values of equality and compassion. Working them out he severely criticized the brahminic hegemony that brought in estrangement and caste division among the people. Though a man of secular credentials he upheld the ethico-rational sensitivity that genuine religion can cultivate in promoting justice, righteousness and truthfulness. In this paper a brief attempt is made to construct the reformistic work which done by Iyothee Thass Pandithar.

pandit_iyothee_thass-1

Who is Iyothee Thass?

Born on 20 May 1845, Thass’s original name was Kaathavarayan. His grandfather had served as a butler to Lord Arlington. Kaathavarayan gained expertise in Tamil literature, philosophy, Siddha and had good knowledge of English, Sanskrit and Pali. After organizing the tribal people in the Nilgris in the 1870s, he established the Advaidananda Sabha in 1876. He launched a magazine called ‘Dravida Pandian’ along with Rev. John Rathinam in 1885. He issued a statement in 1886 announcing that the so-called untouchables’ are not Hindus. He established the Dravida Mahajana Sabha in 1891 and during the very first Census urged the so-called untouchables to register themselves as casteless Dravidians. This in fact makes Tamil Dalits the true descendents of the anti-Brahmin legacy which is today claimed by non-Brahmin non-Dalits. Iyothee Thass’s meeting with Olcott was a turning point not only in his life but also for the Tamil Dalit movement. In many ways, Thass was a forerunner of Dr B.R. Ambedkar.

Check also – 5th May in Dalit History – Death Anniversary of Iyothee Thass 

Iyothee Thass and Buddhism

He led a delegation of prominent Dalits to Olcott and pleaded for his help in reestablishing Tamil Buddhism. With Olcott’s help Thass visited Sri Lanka and got diksha from Bikkhu Sumangala Nayake. On his return, he established the Sakya Buddhist Society in Chennai with branches in many places including Karnataka. Returning from his sacred pilgrimage to Colombo, Iyothee Thass issued a pamphlet in Tamil, entitled, Buddha: The light without distinction of day and night. In this, he systematically stated his project “Tamil Buddhism” a brief statement of Sakya Buddha’s life was followed by an exploratory survey of the Tamil epical-ethical literary tradition to explain the past glory, the fall and the present degradation of the Tamil lower caste and the antagonism between Brahmins and Sakya –Valluva (Parayar) Tamils; the emancipatory future for the original Tamils was sought to be projected as the modern rediscovery of the earlier Buddhist traditions through construction of Buddhist Temples, maintenance of Buddhist medical halls, Buddhist college, Buddhist young men association, celebration of Buddha’s birthday anniversaries and establishment of Buddhist charity fund to feed the poor. The pamphlet closed with an appeal to join these effort by singing the apprehend forms. The coming together of the initial group to implement project Tamil Buddhism was, thus, based on a common understanding of a collective-historical rationale and a social consensus in the modern sense of the term. However, not all the founding members of the society took ‘pancha silam’ and became Buddhist. The Sakya Buddhist society started its activities in 1898 with religious meetings on Sundays, semi-public lectures on socio-religious issues by learned men of all faiths and confessions and conversions to Buddhism that is, taking of pancha silam and enrolling as members, though in small numbers, yet continuously. Soon the Sakya Buddhists were recognized as an independent entity by other international Buddhist bodies and a flow of visitors, monks and lay people started and increased with passing years. Writing about those early years, Iyothee Thass says: “lectures are delivered every week in the hall of the society in addition to the occasional lectures delivered here and there in the city of Madras. Thus a great interest is aroused in the minds of people in the life and teaching of our Lord Buddha. And not a few have been the conversion to the faith of the master… Some 260 Buddhist visitors, bhikkus and lay men and women from Holland, china, Japan, Burma, Ceylon, Siam, Singapore, Chittagong, Benares, Calcutta, Bodh Gaya and other places have called and stayed here on different occasions”.

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In BJP ruled Rajasthan – Jats crush 3 Dalits under tractors!


Another horrifying crime on Dalits was committed by upper caste Jats in Rajasthan where Jats did crush 3 Dalits under tractors and injured a dozen others. Upper castes people also molested Dalit women, did beat them and made them naked. This is such a horrible crime but no accuse has been arrested yet. Is this Sabka Sath Sabka Vikas definition of BJP? Crimes against Dalits are on rise under BJP government at center and in Rajasthan, what actions governments taking to curb these crimes? Till now BJP government has not done anything concrete to solve the problems faced by Dalits.

If we look at the statistics compiled by India’s National Crime Records Bureau, those stats indicate that every hour two Dalits are assaulted; every day three Dalit women are raped, two Dalits are murdered, and two Dalit homes are torched. These figures are not true representative of number of crimes done against Dalits as many a times police officials support upper castes people and they don’t register the case.  So many crimes go unreported. Hence, actual number of atrocities done on Dalits are much higher.

We must speak against all the crimes committed against Dalits.

murder

In BJP ruled Rajasthan – Jats crush 3 Dalits under tractors!

Read the complete news on TOI.

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Filed under Caste Discrimination, Casteism, Dalit Woman, Dalit-Bahujans, Dr B R Ambedkar

15th May in Dalit History – Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar published Annihilation Of Caste


On 15th May, 1936 Babasaheb Ambedkar published Annihilation Of Caste book. Dr. Ambedkar was scheduled to deliver this speech to a conference in Lahore, but could not. The conference organizers cancelled his invitation as they felt the contents of the speech were too radical for the time. Dr. Ambedkar later released the speech in written format, and it became one of his most famous work – title, ‘Annihilation of Caste’. In this work, Dr. Ambedkar discussed the problems in ending the caste system in India, and how those problems could be countered.

If you’d like to read the text, Columbia University in the City of New York has designed a special e-text format of the speech for easy readability and cross-referencing at http://ccnmtl.columbia.edu/projects/mmt/ambedkar/web/index.html

Annihilation of Caste – Front Page

Annihilation of Caste – Front Page

 

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Pledge – Say No To Hindu Temples!


Did you know?

Brahmins in India have 100% reservation in temples, where they earn in billions every year and most of that money is spent on anti-Dalit, anti-Muslim and anti-minority activities.

First, even after 100% reservation in temples, where there is so much money, Brahmins hate Dalit-Bahujans and hate representation of Dalit-Bahujans in every field. Why?

Secondly, we must stop going to Hindu temples and stop donating there as most of it is used against us only, so no wise person will go and donate there.

Say No To Hindu Temples

Say No To Hindu Temples

Apart from all these, almost every day Dalits are stopped from entering the temples, many Dalits are boycotted, killed just because some so called upper castes hate them. Let’s take pledge that we won’t go to Hindu religious places that discriminate and that don’t treat human as a human. Are you ready for it? Pledge and let me know in the comments. It is a time to “Say No to Hindu Temples”.

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Filed under Caste Discrimination, Casteism, Dr B R Ambedkar, Reality of Hindu Festivals

What Merit? In Punjab, Class 12th, Dalit Girl got 7th position and a Muslim Girl became topper


In the latest declared result of class 12th by Punjab School Education Board, in which more than 3 Lakh students appeared, a Dalit girl, named Namrata, from Jalandhar has 443 marks out of 450 in the medical stream and overall got 7th position in the merit list. Also, she is topper in Jalandhar. (Merit list is made combined of different streams such as Commerce, Non-Medical, Medical etc) Namrata achieved this position despite having poor family background and without any coaching. Read more about her from Lokleader [in Punjabi] and here.

Namrata on left (Photo Credit Lokleader)

Namrata on left (Photo Credit Lokleader)

Further, overall topper in class 12th is Saima Rashid, (as name suggests she is Muslim girl), she got perfect 100% score! Read more about her here.

Congratulations to both!

When toppers are from Dalit-Bahujan communities, what merit so called Brahmins and upper castes talk about all the time? Few years back, V. T. Rajshekar had said,

“all ruling classes built” a theory by suited to their needs and try to give a ‘scientific’ backing to it. Merit and efficiency is a pure Aryan invention, aimed at maintaining their monopoly”.

Check also – How Brahmins are enjoying reservation since ages – The History of Reservation in India.

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The History of Reservation in India


Caste Based Reservation in India started in 2nd Century BC. In Manusmriti – the law book of Brahmins all the laws were based on Caste and no Merit was ever considered. It divided people into High and Low Castes on the basis of their birth and not on the basis of Merit. Wealth, Political power, Spiritual leadership, Education, Ownership of Land, Trade and all lucrative aspects were reserved purely to the higher castes.

The History of Reservation

The History of Reservation

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Dr. Ambedkar’s rare letter to Prof. Seligman


Dr. Ambedkar's rare letter to Prof. Seligman

Dr. Ambedkar’s rare letter to Prof. Seligman

10 King Henry’s Rd
Chalk Farm
London, N.W.3
16/2/22

My dear Prof. Seligman,

Having lost my manuscript of the original thesis when the steamer was torpedoed on my way back to India in 1917 I have written out a new thesis entitled “The Stabilization of the Indian Exchange” which I hope with your permission to submit for the Ph.D. at Columbia.

I hope to be at Columbia for the Exam. sometime in December next. In the meanwhile may I know if you can arrange to have my manuscript read before publication by some member of the Economics Faculty of Columbia. I am also anxious to have it published in the Columbia University Studies and I can assure you that it will be a publication for which there will be a very large sale. It is a burning question of the day and I believe I have treated it in a thoroughgoing fashion.

Trusting you will be pleased to do the needful I am

Yours sincerely,

B. R. Ambedkar


PROF. SELIGMAN’S REPLY (an unsigned carbon copy):

February 28, 1922Mr. B. R. Ambedkar,
10 King Henry’s Road,
Chalk Faarm,
London, N. W. 3, England

My dear Ambedkar:

I was very glad indeed to hear from you and to learn that you have started out afresh. The subject you choose is certainly an interesting one and if you will send on your MS, I shall be glad to have it read by one of my colleagues. We can discuss its possible publication in the STUDIES later on.

Faithfully yours,


Source of both documents: Seligman papers, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University

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Hindu Groups in United Kingdom spreading/supporting Caste Discrimination


Hindu groups in United Kingdom are telling voters to support Conservative Party because it doesn’t want to ban caste discrimination. Hindu group, Dharma Sewa Purvapaksha, seems like it wants to maintain caste discrimination and is distributing following leaflets to support those parties that won’t outlaw caste system and caste discrimination. It must be remembered here Liberal democrats earlier had mentioned in their manifesto that their party will outlaw caste discrimination in UK.

This is the real face of Hinduism that’s why Dr. Ambedkar had said wherever Hindus will go they will bring caste system with them. This act of spreading hatred by Hindu groups is really shameful and everyone must condemn such actions.

Check also – Caste Abroad: Bringing Casteism to UK and USA

Caste in UK election

Caste in UK elections

Caste in UK elections

Caste in UK elections

To read more about this, please click here.

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6th May in Dalit History – Death anniversary of Shahu Maharaj – A Bahujan Revolutionary


Sahuji Maharaj

Sahuji Maharaj

The Bahujan Samaj owes a deep debt of gratitude to the Bahujan Revolutionary CHHATRAPATI SHAHU MAHARAJ who was the ruler of Kolhapur state in Maharashtra from 1884 to 1922. He was born on 26/6/1874. Maharaj of Kolhapur wanted to exterminate the stifling and strangulating structures of caste system and untouchability which are the immoral institutions created by the brahminical class. By undertaking the responsibilities of the “Satya Sodhak Samaj movement” which was started by RASTRAPITHA JOTIBA PHULE, Shahu Maharaj toiled untiringly to uplift the Bahujan Samaj. He cautioned the Bahujan Samaj by showing the flagrant injustice happened to them by the despotic rule carried by the brahminical gluttons who seized hegemony in every sphere. Shahu Maharaj proposed communal representation and he viewed it as one of the weapon of liberation for the Bahujan Samaj. Writing to Lord Sydenham, Ex- Governor of Bombay in 1918, he said “the principle that majorities have no need of separate representation doesn’t hold good in a province where a selfish minority is likely to get the power, which is sure to be used to hold the majority (Bahujan Samaj) in perpetual vassalage.” Shahu Maharaj instigated many programs in order to liberate the Bahujan Samaj from the cloak of brahminical hegemony. The programs are as follows:

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